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Fuels - Hydrogen From Water Thermochemical Cycles - General

Sattler, Christian and Roeb, Martin (2006) Fuels - Hydrogen From Water Thermochemical Cycles - General. In: Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources Elsevier. (Submitted)

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Abstract

The single-step thermal dissociation of water is at a first glance the simplest reaction to split water. Nevertheless because of its unfavorable thermodynamics the reaction is one of the most challenging with respect to a realization in a process. Although water thermolysis is conceptually simple, the need of a high-temperature heat source above 2500 K for achieving a reasonable degree of dissociation and the need of an effective technique for separating H2 and O2 at high temperatures to avoid an explosive mixture of hydrogen and oxygen imposes high barriers to a technical realization. (1) H<sub>2</sub>O = H<sub>2</sub> + ½ O<sub>2</sub> Therefore different so called thermochemical cycles were proposed to divide the single water thermolysis reaction, into several steps. Water-splitting thermochemical cycles avoid the H2/O2 separation problem and reduce the temperature level. The cycles were originally developed to use high temperature heat from nuclear power plants for hydrogen productions but recently concentrated solar radiation becomes more important as a renewable heat source.

Document Type:Contribution to a Collection
Title:Fuels - Hydrogen From Water Thermochemical Cycles - General
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Sattler, ChristianUNSPECIFIED
Roeb, MartinUNSPECIFIED
Date:10 October 2006
Journal or Publication Title:Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Garche, JürgenUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Elsevier
Status:Submitted
Keywords:: Hydrogen, Thermochemical Cycle, Electrochemical Thermochemical Hybrid
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:E SF - Solar research (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SF - Solar research
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Solare Stoffumwandlung (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Technical Thermodynamics > Solar Research
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Christian Sattler
Deposited On:08 Feb 2007
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 13:25

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