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20-Hz whole body vibration training fails to counteract the decrease in leg muscle performance and volume induced by 14 days of 6° head down tilt bed rest

Zange, Jochen and Liphardt, Anna-Maria and Schmidt, Axel and Müller, Klaus and Kleinöder, Heinz and Heer, Martina and Mester, Joachim (2006) 20-Hz whole body vibration training fails to counteract the decrease in leg muscle performance and volume induced by 14 days of 6° head down tilt bed rest. In: Ergo-Med. Dr. Curt Haefner Verlag. 8th Congress Medicine and Mobility, 44th Annual Meeting German Society of Aerospace Medicine, 2006-09-14 - 2006-09-16, Berlin.

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Abstract

In a recent bed rest study a combination of resistive strength training plus vibration was successfully applied to counteract leg muscle atrophy (Blottner et al. 2006, Eur J Appl Physiol). In the ‘Vibration Bed Rest’-study (VBR) we tested whether whole body vibration training (VT) alone has a potential to counteract the decreases in leg muscle performance and volume induced by 14 days of 6° head down tilt bed rest (HDT). In a cross-over design 8 healthy male subjects took part in two study phases. During bed rest each subject performed either VT or the control intervention. VT was performed twice daily on a Galileo 900 vibration plate. During each training session, subjects performed 5 intervals of 1 min vibration (20 Hz / 2-4 mm) in an upright standing position with 30° knee angle and 15% body weight extra load. Between each interval subjects had a 1 min. break in a seated position. The control intervention included exactly the same procedures except the vibration plate was not turned on. Both study phases were identical with respect to environmental conditions, study protocol, and diet. Maximum muscle force and power of knee extensors and the knee flexors and muscle volumes of upper and lower legs were 1 day before and after bed rest, respectively. In the knee flexors force and power decreased significantly (p < 0.01) during the bed rest. However VT failed to counteract this effect. In the knee extensors both, bed rest and VT did not change muscle performance. After 5 days of recovery in both muscle groups force and power did not return to baseline. Bed rest combined with control intervention caused a significant (P<0.05) decrease in muscle volume in all examined muscle groups measured with MRI. The relative changes for the sum of muscles in both legs was -5.6 ± 1.9% in m. quadriceps, -4.3 ± 2.0 % for the hamstrings, -6.5 ± 2.0 % for the m. triceps surae, and -3.6 ± 2.9 % for the m. tibialis anterior. Vibration training failed to counteract the volume loss. Instead the volume reduction was significantly amplified by VT in the hamstrings. In the chosen protocol whole body vibration at 20 Hz failed to counteract leg muscle atrophy induced by 14 days 6°-HDT bed rest. Application of vibration at different frequencies, amplitudes, and training durations might be more successful. However, safe parameters of whole body vibration without any additional resistive strength training may generally not be intense enough to counteract the responses of skeletal muscle to bed rest.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:20-Hz whole body vibration training fails to counteract the decrease in leg muscle performance and volume induced by 14 days of 6° head down tilt bed rest
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Zange, JochenUNSPECIFIED
Liphardt, Anna-MariaUNSPECIFIED
Schmidt, AxelDeutsche Sporthochschule Köln
Müller, KlausUNSPECIFIED
Kleinöder, HeinzDeutsche Sporthochschule Köln
Heer, MartinaUNSPECIFIED
Mester, JoachimDeutsche Sporthochschule Köln
Date:September 2006
Journal or Publication Title:Ergo-Med
Refereed publication:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Publisher:Dr. Curt Haefner Verlag
Status:Published
Keywords:Countermeasure, Vibration Training, Space Flight, Bed Rest, Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Event Title:8th Congress Medicine and Mobility, 44th Annual Meeting German Society of Aerospace Medicine
Event Location:Berlin
Event Type:national Conference
Event Dates:2006-09-14 - 2006-09-16
Organizer:Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrtmedizin, DGLRM e.V.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Beschleunigungsinduzierte Effekte (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Space Physiology
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Jochen Zange
Deposited On:19 Dec 2006
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 13:22

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