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High resolution weather data base for the terminal area of Frankfurt Airport

Frech, Michael and Holzäpfel, Frank and Tafferner, Arnold and Gerz, Thomas (2007) High resolution weather data base for the terminal area of Frankfurt Airport. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 46, pp. 1913-1932. DOI: 10.1175/2007JAMC1513.1.

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Official URL: http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/2007JAMC1513.1

Abstract

A 1-yr meteorological dataset for the terminal area of Frankfurt Airport in Germany has been generated with a numerical weather prediction system to provide a synthetic though realistic database for the evaluation of new operational aircraft arrival procedures and their associated risks. The comparison of the 1-yr dataset with a local surface wind climatology indicates that the main climatological features are recovered. A subset of 40 days is validated against measurements from a sound detection and range/radio acoustic sounding system (SODAR/RASS) taken at Frankfurt Airport. The RMS errors of wind speed and direction are between 1.5 m s s<sup>-1</sup> at the surface and 2 m s s<sup>-1</sup> at 300 m and 40°, respectively. The frequency distribution of meteorological parameters, such as the wind component perpendicular to the glide path, shear, and thermal stratification, show good agreement with observations. The magnitude of the turbulent energy dissipation rate near the surface is systematically overestimated, whereas above 100 m the authors find on average a slight underestimation. The analysis of the database with respect to crosswind conditions along the glide path indicates only a time fraction of 12% for which the crosswind is above a threshold of 2 ms<sup>-1</sup>. A similar result is obtained using a grid point near the airport that mimics a wind profiler, which suggests that in a majority of cases a wind profiler appears sufficient to cover the expected crosswind conditions along the glide path. A simple parameterization to account for the crosswind variability along the glide path is proposed.

Document Type:Article
Title:High resolution weather data base for the terminal area of Frankfurt Airport
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Frech, MichaelUNSPECIFIED
Holzäpfel, FrankUNSPECIFIED
Tafferner, ArnoldUNSPECIFIED
Gerz, ThomasUNSPECIFIED
Date:2007
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:46
DOI:10.1175/2007JAMC1513.1
Page Range:pp. 1913-1932
Status:Published
Keywords:Airport, Wake Vortex, Climatology, Risk assessment
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Traffic and Weather (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Cloud Physics and Traffic Meteorology
Deposited By: Michael Frech
Deposited On:07 Jan 2008
Last Modified:20 Oct 2014 14:31

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