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Vehicle model for transient simulation of a waste-heat-utilisation-unit containing extended PowerTrain and Fluid library components

Eschenbach, Max and Ungethüm, Jörg and Treffinger, Peter (2006) Vehicle model for transient simulation of a waste-heat-utilisation-unit containing extended PowerTrain and Fluid library components. In: 5th International Modelica Conference / Conference Proceedings Volume 2, pp. 405-410. 5th International Modelica Conference, 2006-09-04 - 2006-09-05, Wien (Österreich).

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Official URL: http://www.modelica.org/events/modelica2006

Abstract

DLR Institute of Vehicle Concepts uses MODELICA for vehicle simulation. One major application is the power train analysis with regard to fuel consumption, emission and performance. The multidomain approach of MODELICA has already been a benefit when describing alternative vehicle concepts like fuel cell vehicles and hybrid vehicles. This paper describes the first approach modelling another concept of low-emission vehicles, i.e. a vehicle powered by an internal combustion engine (ICE), where a waste-heat-utilisation-unit in the exhaust system is applied. The recovery and conversion of waste heat in the exhaust system of ICE-powered vehicles is very attractive, because as a rule of thumb about one third of the fuel energy is emitted with the exhaust to the ambient. There are several approaches to convert exhaust energy into useful energy, e. g. applying a thermal engine, which is powered by the exhaust. Another possibility are thermoelectric devices, which convert heat into electricity. However, in almost all concepts for waste heat utilisation a heat exchanger in the exhaust system has to be integrated and additionally a heat sink has to be provided to run the complete process. As an example for a waste-heat-utilisation-unit a thermoelectric device is considered in this paper. To predict the performance of such a thermoelectric device in vehicle operation the PowerTrain library [1] has been extended with elements of the Fluid library for representation of the exhaust system. Most imortant a special heat exchanger model has been developed which describes the thermoelectric device. The paper gives an overview over the modelling approach of the complete system and the component models respectively. Finally, first results of simulation runs are given.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Vehicle model for transient simulation of a waste-heat-utilisation-unit containing extended PowerTrain and Fluid library components
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Eschenbach, MaxUNSPECIFIED
Ungethüm, JörgUNSPECIFIED
Treffinger, PeterUNSPECIFIED
Date:4 September 2006
Journal or Publication Title:5th International Modelica Conference / Conference Proceedings Volume 2
Refereed publication:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 405-410
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Modelica Association, UNSPECIFIED
Arsenal research, UNSPECIFIED
Status:Published
Keywords:model, dynamic simulation, waste heat recovery, thermal management
Event Title:5th International Modelica Conference
Event Location:Wien (Österreich)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2006-09-04 - 2006-09-05
Organizer:Modelica Assocation and arsenal research
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V - no assignement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V -- no assignement
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Vehicle Concepts
Deposited By: Andrea Dignisz
Deposited On:13 Oct 2006
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:21

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