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Mapping regions of high temporal variability in Africa

Colditz, Rene and Conrad, Christopher and Schmidt, Martin and Schramm, Matthias and Schmidt, Michael and Dech, Stefan (2006) Mapping regions of high temporal variability in Africa. In: Proceedings, onCD-ROM. ISPRS Mid-Term Symposium Remote sensing: from Pixels to Processes, 2006-05-08 - 2006-05-11, Enschede (The Netherlands).

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Long term observation of space-borne remote sensing data provides a means to explore temporal variation on the Earth’s surface. This improved understanding of variability is required by numerous global change studies to explain annual and interannual trends and to separate those from individual events. This knowledge also can be included into budgeting and modeling for global change studies. The study employs daily 8km NOAA AVHRR data of the Pathfinder program to study changes in the annual variability of the African continent between 1982 and 2000. The daily data were processed to improved 10-day composites using an iterative approach including metadata and robust statistical techniques. Seasonality analysis using harmonics and its explained variance is combined with cross correlation between years with identical seasonality to account for temporal shifts. Deserts and the inner-tropical rain forest with none and moderate variability, respectively, are circled by a zone of transition assigned with high variability and changing seasonality. In between there are two gradual units of stability, usually identified as grassland or woodland by continental classifications. This relatively zonal pattern is altered in the eastern tropics and Namibia by varying topography and oceanic influences, respectively. The results can provide a basis for spatial distributed modeling of dynamic hotspots such as the transition zones bordering the savannas and for linking vegetation dynamics with continental climate models.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Paper)
Title:Mapping regions of high temporal variability in Africa
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Colditz, ReneUNSPECIFIED
Conrad, ChristopherUNSPECIFIED
Schmidt, MartinUniversity of Wuerzburg, Department of Geography, Remote Sensing Unit
Schramm, MatthiasUniversity of Wuerzburg, Department of Geography, Remote Sensing Unit
Schmidt, MichaelUNSPECIFIED
Dech, StefanUNSPECIFIED
Date:8 May 2006
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:onCD-ROM
Status:Published
Keywords:Global Change, Temporal Variability, Land Characterization, Harmonic Analysis, Africa, AVHRR Pathfinder
Event Title:ISPRS Mid-Term Symposium Remote sensing: from Pixels to Processes
Event Location:Enschede (The Netherlands)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2006-05-08 - 2006-05-11
Organizer:ISPRS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Geowissenschaftl. Fernerkundungs- und GIS-Verfahren (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Environment and Security > Environment and Geoinformation
Deposited By: Rene Colditz
Deposited On:04 Sep 2006
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 13:03

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