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Spectral characterization of a 2.5 THz multi-mode quantum cascade laser

Pavlov, Sergey and Hübers, Heinz-Wilhelm and Richter, Heiko and Semenov, Alexei and Tredicucci, Alessandro and Köhler, Rüdeger and Mahler, Lukas and Beere, Harvey E. and Ritchie, David. A. (2006) Spectral characterization of a 2.5 THz multi-mode quantum cascade laser. In: 17th International Symposium on Space-Terahertz Technology, p. 105. ISSTT-2006, 2006-05-10 - 2006-05-12, Institut Océanographique, 195 rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris.

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Abstract

Recently, terahertz-range semiconductor quantum cascade lasers (QCL) have attracted attention as potential local oscillators in heterodyne receivers. The basic characterization of the lasers, such as beam profiles, frequency and power stability as well as temperature and current-related frequency tunability has been carried out. Precise spectral analysis is required if the device is going to be used for applications requiring very accurate absolute frequency, spectral purity and fine frequency tunability, such as in heterodyne spectroscopy. By combination of Fourier transform spectroscopy with heterodyne and homodyne mixing measurements it is possible to create a complete picture of the QCL spectral output. We will report on the characterization of a 2.5 THz multi-mode QCL with respect to mechanisms determining the laser emission frequency and mode spectrum. The laser mechanism is based on a bound-to-continuum laser design. Laser emission spectra at different drive currents and heat sink temperatures have been measured by homodyne (QCL-QCL) and heterodyne (QCL-THz gas laser) mixing experiments. The analysis shows that variations of the laser frequency and modifications of the mode spectra are caused by fast processes which apparently control the gain of the device. The emission frequencies of the QCL based on a bound-to-continuum design can be described by a formalism similar to a Fabry-Perot-type cavity with additional corrections, depending on the QCL frequency and drive current. The detailed study of the spectral characteristics provides basic data about the direction, magnitude, and range of the frequency tunability of QCLs of this family/design. The data are necessary for implementation of the laser in a THz heterodyne receiver for example on board of SOFIA.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Spectral characterization of a 2.5 THz multi-mode quantum cascade laser
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Pavlov, SergeyUNSPECIFIED
Hübers, Heinz-WilhelmUNSPECIFIED
Richter, HeikoUNSPECIFIED
Semenov, AlexeiUNSPECIFIED
Tredicucci, AlessandroNEST CNR-INFM and Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy
Köhler, RüdegerNEST CNR-INFM and Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy
Mahler, LukasNEST CNR-INFM and Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy
Beere, Harvey E.Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Ritchie, David. A.Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Date:May 2006
Journal or Publication Title:17th International Symposium on Space-Terahertz Technology
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:p. 105
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Institut Océanographique, Paris, UNSPECIFIED
Status:Published
Keywords:THz cascade laser, heterodyne spectroscopy
Event Title:ISSTT-2006
Event Location:Institut Océanographique, 195 rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2006-05-10 - 2006-05-12
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Projekt SOFIA (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Terahertz and Infrared Sensors
Deposited By: Dr. Sergey Pavlov
Deposited On:04 Sep 2006
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 13:03

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