Birner, Thomas (2006) Fine-scale structure of the extratropical tropopause region. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, D04104. DOI: 10.1029/2005JD006301.
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A vertically high resolved climatology of the thermal and wind structure of the extratropical tropopause region is presented. The climatology is based on data from 80 U.S. radiosonde stations covering the period 1998–2002. Time averages for each radiosonde station are computed using the tropopause as a common reference level for all vertical profiles within the mean. A strong inversion at the tropopause in the mean vertical temperature gradient is uncovered; that is, temperature strongly increases with altitude within the lowermost stratosphere. This tropopause inversion layer exists on average throughout the investigated extratropics (about 30°N to 70°N). Accordingly, the static stability parameter shows considerably enhanced values within the lowermost extratropical stratosphere compared to typical extratropical stratospheric values further aloft. Conventional averages are not able to capture the tropopause inversion layer. Mean profiles of the horizontal wind show behavior qualitatively corresponding to thermal wind balance. Winter and summer exhibit distinctly different climate states in the extratropical tropopause region. An approximated potential vorticity is considered and found to be close to well mixed within the troposphere as well as within the tropopause inversion layer. This suggests the view of the tropopause inversion layer as representing a dynamically active atmospheric layer. Some potential implications are discussed.
|Title:||Fine-scale structure of the extratropical tropopause region|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Geophysical Research|
|In Open Access:||No|
|In ISI Web of Science:||Yes|
|Keywords:||tropopause; dynamics; climatology|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)|
|HGF - Program:||Space (old)|
|HGF - Program Themes:||W EO - Erdbeobachtung|
|DLR - Research area:||Space|
|DLR - Program:||W EO - Erdbeobachtung|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||W - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung (old)|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Cloud Physics and Traffic Meteorology|
|Deposited By:||Jana Freund|
|Deposited On:||24 Jul 2007|
|Last Modified:||11 Nov 2014 21:56|
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