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Performance of car following behaviour in microscopic traffic flow models

Brockfeld, Elmar and Kelpin, Rene and Wagner, Peter (2004) Performance of car following behaviour in microscopic traffic flow models. In: Networks for Mobility 2004, Proceedings - Abstracts and CD-ROM, p. 43. Universität Stuttgart. 2nd International Symposium "Networks for Mobility", 2004-09-29 - 2004-10-01, Stuttgart (Deutschland). ISBN 3-89301-180-3.

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Microscopic simulation models are becoming increasingly important tools in modelling transport systems. They are applied in simulation programs for transport planning, traffic forecasting and advanced vehicle control and safety systems (AVCSS). An important part of the models are the microscopic sub-models which describe the interaction between adjacent vehicles. For that purpose rules and equations are defined describing the car-following and lane changing behaviour of the vehicles. An essential problem is the calibration and validation of the parameters used in these rules. In this paper ten microscopic traffic flow models of very different kind are analysed concerning the correct reproduction of the car-following behaviour on single lane roads. The models are calibrated and validated with data collected via DGPS-equipped cars (Differential Global Positioning System) on a test track in Japan. The positions of the cars are delivered every 0.1 second with very high accuracy, which is perfect for analysing the car following behaviour. To calibrate the models, in each case one driver pair is under consideration. The measured data of a leading car are fed into the model under consideration and the model is used to compute the behaviour of a following car. In the analysis the resulting simulated time series of headways are carried out and the deviations to the measured headways are calculated to calibrate the models. To find the optimal parameters an automated optimisation technique is used which tries to minimise the deviations. For validation purposes the resulting optimal parameter sets for single data sets are taken to reproduce some other data sets by simulation. At first, this is done in a driver independent way, where the drivers in the data set used for the calibration are different from those used for the validation. Secondly, to investigate whether individual driver behaviour can be reproduced better a driver-special validation is conducted, where the calibrated parameter sets obtained for each driver are taken to validate the behaviour of the same driver in other situations. Main results of the analyses are that all models produce nearly the same errors, thus sophisticated models with up to 15 parameters seem not to be better than simple models with only 4 or 6 parameters. In total it is found that the differences in the driver behaviour are much bigger than the diversity of the models. At last, the validation with special driver pairs produces slightly better results than the driver-independent validation. Thus, the behaviour of individual drivers can be reproduced a bit more accurately than trying to transfer optimal parameter results from one driver to another.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Paper)
Title:Performance of car following behaviour in microscopic traffic flow models
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Brockfeld, ElmarUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Networks for Mobility 2004, Proceedings - Abstracts and CD-ROM
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:p. 43
Möhlenbrink, W.UNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Universität Stuttgart
Keywords:simulation,model,microscopic models,calibration,validation,GPS,DGPS,car following
Event Title:2nd International Symposium "Networks for Mobility"
Event Location:Stuttgart (Deutschland)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2004-09-29 - 2004-10-01
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V - no assignement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V -- no assignement
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research
Deposited By: Antje von Schmidt
Deposited On:13 Jan 2006
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:09

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