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Particle emissions from aircraft engines: Results from the European project PartEmis

Petzold, Andreas und Wilson, Chris W. (2005) Particle emissions from aircraft engines: Results from the European project PartEmis. In: 2005 24th Annual American Association for Aerosol Research Conference Abstracts. 24th Annual American Association for Aerosol Research Conference, October 17-21, Austin, TX (USA).

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Kurzfassung

An overview of the goals and achievements of the European PartEmis project (Measurement and prediction of emissions of aerosols and gaseous precursors from gas turbine engines,) is presented. PartEmis was focussed on the characterisation and quantification of exhaust emissions from a gas turbine engine. The PartEmis consortium was composed of 11 partners from five countries. The experiments were performed at the QinetiQ high pressure test rig in Farnborough, UK in 2001 and 2002. The results achieved during PartEmis are widely used in the fields of research on particle production in gas turbine engines, particle formation and processing, and measurement technology assessment. The engine used during PartEmis was composed of a combustor and a unit to simulate a 3-shaft turbine section (so-called Hot End Simulator; HES). A comprehensive suite of aerosol, gas and chemi-ion measurements were conducted under different, i) combustor and HES operating conditions, ii) fuel sulphur concentrations. Measured aerosol properties were mass and number concentration, size distribution, mixing state, thermal stability of internally mixed particles, hygroscopicity, cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) activation potential, and chemical composition. Furthermore, chemi-ions, non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) and OH were monitored. The combustor operation conditions corresponded to modern and older engine gas path temperatures at cruise altitude, with fuel sulphur contents (FSC) of 0.05, 0.41, and 1.270 g kg<sup>-1</sup>. The combustor behaved like a typical aircraft engine combustor with respect to thermodynamic data and main emissions, which suggests that the PartEmis database may be applicable to contemporary aircraft engines. The conclusions drawn from the PartEmis experiment are discussed separately for combustion particles, ultrafine particles, sulphate-containing species and chemi-ions, particle hygrioscopic growth and CCN activation, gaseous organic fraction, and emission properties.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Poster)
Titel:Particle emissions from aircraft engines: Results from the European project PartEmis
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Petzold, AndreasNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Wilson, Chris W.Univ. of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
Datum:Oktober 2005
Erschienen in:2005 24th Annual American Association for Aerosol Research Conference Abstracts
Referierte Publikation:Nein
In SCOPUS:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Aviation emissions, particle emissions, black carbon, PARTEMIS
Veranstaltungstitel:24th Annual American Association for Aerosol Research Conference
Veranstaltungsort:Austin, TX (USA)
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum:October 17-21
Veranstalter :American Association for Aerosol Research
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Luftfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:L VU - Luftverkehr und Umwelt (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Luftfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:L VU - Luftverkehr und Umwelt
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):L - Schadstoffarmer Luftverkehr (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe
Hinterlegt von: Dr.rer.nat. Andreas Petzold
Hinterlegt am:12 Jan 2006
Letzte Änderung:27 Apr 2009 04:53

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