Downward Control from Lower Stratosphere?
Egger, Joseph and Hoinka, Klaus-Peter (2005) Downward Control from Lower Stratosphere? Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 62, pp. 3808-3817. DOI: 10.1175/JAS3569.1.
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The concept of downward control proposes a mechanism for the impact of the stratospheric circulation on the troposphere. Momentum forcing at upper-stratospheric levels induces a meridional circulation that eventually reaches the surface. So far, a lack of sufficiently accurate data hindered an observational test of this downward propagation. The concept is extended in this paper by looking at the effect of angular momentum forcing in prescribed regions in the lower stratosphere on the tropospheric circulation. In that case, the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Reanalysis Project (ERA) data can be used to investigate the atmospheric response to forcing in a prescribed domain. It is found that these forcing events are quite short lived and that angular momentum flux convergence in the prescribed domain is highly correlated with convergence outside this forcing area. Typically, these fields of convergence and also divergence extend to the surface in a quasibarotropic manner outside the Tropics. This structure of the forcing is not compatible with the assumptions of the downward control concept. The observed related meridional circulation therefore differs widely from that predicted. In particular, there is no obvious descent of the circulation to the ground. Even so, such forcing events are accompanied by an intensive exchange of angular momentum between stratosphere and troposphere. The confinement of the forcing to the selected forcing domain is reasonably strict in the Tropics. A relatively narrow tongue of angular momentum is growing at the equator underneath the forcing area. Frictional torques play a role in this development. Altogether, the forcing events as selected involve a strong angular momentum exchange between stratosphere and troposphere but are not suited for a test of the downward control concept. Alternatives are discussed.
|Title:||Downward Control from Lower Stratosphere?|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences|
|In ISI Web of Science:||Yes|
|Page Range:||pp. 3808-3817|
|Keywords:||stratosphere, troposphere, ERA40|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport|
|HGF - Program:||Space|
|HGF - Program Themes:||W EO - Erdbeobachtung|
|DLR - Research area:||Space|
|DLR - Program:||W EO - Erdbeobachtung|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||W - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung (old)|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Cloud Physics and Traffic Meteorology|
|Deposited By:||Jana Freund|
|Deposited On:||08 Dec 2006|
|Last Modified:||14 Jan 2010 20:23|
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