How quantitative can quantitative spectroscopy be?
Birk, Manfred and Wagner, Georg (2005) How quantitative can quantitative spectroscopy be? In: Nineteenth Colloquium on High Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy, pp. 379-380. Nineteenth Colloquium on High Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy, 2005-09-11 - 2005-09-16, Salamanca, Spain. ISBN 84-609-6737-9.
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Remote sensing or the Earth´s atmosphere requires an accurate spectroscopic database such as HITRAN. Especially the new satellite instruments like MIPAS and SCIAMACHY on Envisat, TES and MLS on AURA, IASI on METOP and the instruments for CO2 measurements on OCO and GOSAT require accuracies of line intensities in the percent range, the latter two even in the sub-percent range. Whereas the accuracy of line positions is often sufficient, that of linestrength, broadening and shifts is often not. In case of larger molecules where absorption cross sections are used the accuracy is often not sufficient, too. The reason are numerous error sources associated with intensity measurements which are sometimes hard to quantify. In case of high resolution Fourier-transform spectrometers, which are most commonly used for measurements of the spectrocopic database, problems are related to detector non-linearities, channeling, thermal radiation, phase errors, thermal drifts, microphonics, multipassing, and instrumental lineshape error. The knowledge of sample column amount, the stability of the sample over the measurement time, and the temperature knowledge and homogeneity are potential error sources. Furthermore, the line model and line parameter retrieval can cause errors. In order to provide a spectroscopic database suitable for remote sensing adequate sample cells, including multi-pass cells for sufficient absorption path, with sufficient temperature range and homogeneity as well as alignment stability are mandatory. Furthermore, procedures and infrastructure for generating defined gas mixtures as well as flow reactors for unstable species are needed. A sound measurement strategy including sufficient measurements with redundancy is necessary. Quality assessment procedures can provide an important tool for identifying hidden error sources and validating accuracy. In only very few cases reported uncertainties for database entries include a complete error analysis with quality assessment. Often measurements reported from different laboratories show differences outside stated uncertainties. As an example for the generation of a spectrocopic database with well defined uncertainties new FT-measurements of ν<sub>2</sub> water line parameters carried out with the Bruker IFS 120HR at DLR will be presented.
|Document Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)|
|Title:||How quantitative can quantitative spectroscopy be?|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Nineteenth Colloquium on High Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy|
|In ISI Web of Science:||No|
|Page Range:||pp. 379-380|
|Keywords:||Quality assurance, Fourier transform spectroscopy, spectroscopic database, remote sensing|
|Event Title:||Nineteenth Colloquium on High Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy|
|Event Location:||Salamanca, Spain|
|Event Type:||international Conference|
|Event Dates:||2005-09-11 - 2005-09-16|
|Organizer:||Sociedad Espanola de Óptica|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport|
|HGF - Program:||Space|
|HGF - Program Themes:||W EO - Erdbeobachtung|
|DLR - Research area:||Space|
|DLR - Program:||W EO - Erdbeobachtung|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||W - Vorhaben Spektrometrische Verfahren und Konzepte der Fernerkundung (old)|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Experimental Methods|
|Deposited By:||Dr.rer.nat. Georg Wagner|
|Deposited On:||18 Nov 2005|
|Last Modified:||27 Apr 2009 04:41|
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