Zhukov, B. and Oertel, D. and Brieß, K. and Lorenz, E. and Skrbek, W. (2003) BIRD detection and analysis of high-temperature events: first results. In: Proceedings of SPIE Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring, GIS Applications, and Geology II, edited by Manfred Ehlers, 4886, pp. 160-171. SPIE, Bellingham, WA,. 9th International Symposium on Remote Sensing, 22-27 September 2002, Aghia Pelagia, Crete, Greece.
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The primary mission objective of a new small Bi-spectral InfraRed Detection (BIRD) satellite, which was put in a 570 km circular sun-synchronous orbit on 22 October 2001, is detection and quantitative analysis of high-temperature events (HTE) like fires and volcanoes. A unique feature of the BIRD mid- and thermal infrared channels is a real-time adjustment of their integration time that allows a HTE observation without sensor saturation, preserving a good radiometric resolution of 0.1-0.2 K for pixels at normal temperatures. This makes it possible: (a) to improve false alarm rejection capability and (b) to estimate HTE temperature, area and radiative energy release. Due to a higher spatial resolution, BIRD can detect an order of magnitude smaller HTE than AVHRR and MODIS. The smallest verified fire that was detected in the BIRD data had an area of ~12 m2. The first BIRD HTE detection and analysis results are presented including bush fires in Australia, forest fires in Russia, coal seam fires in China, and a time-varying thermal activity at Etna.
|Document Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Title:||BIRD detection and analysis of high-temperature events: first results|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Proceedings of SPIE Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring, GIS Applications, and Geology II, edited by Manfred Ehlers|
|Page Range:||pp. 160-171|
|Publisher:||SPIE, Bellingham, WA,|
|Keywords:||remote sensing, fire recognition, infrared sensor, parameter estimation|
|Event Title:||9th International Symposium on Remote Sensing, 22-27 September 2002, Aghia Pelagia, Crete, Greece|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)|
|HGF - Program:||Space (old)|
|HGF - Program Themes:||W EO - Erdbeobachtung|
|DLR - Research area:||Space|
|DLR - Program:||W EO - Erdbeobachtung|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||UNSPECIFIED|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institut für Weltraumsensorik und Planetenerkundung|
|Deposited By:||Ute Dombrowski|
|Deposited On:||16 Sep 2005|
|Last Modified:||14 Jan 2010 19:11|
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