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Advantages of BRDF Information for the Interpretation of Reflectance Measurements over Vegetation

Schönermark, M. von and Demircan, A. and Geiger, B. and Oehmichen, G. and Tornow, C. and Weimann, A. and Vogt, P. (2000) Advantages of BRDF Information for the Interpretation of Reflectance Measurements over Vegetation. In: Algorithms for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery VI, 4049, pp. 491-501. Aerosense 2000, Orlando, April 2000. ISBN 0-8194-3675-5.

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Abstract

The interpretation of the reflected radiation measured by wide angle instruments or in off-nadir directions requires the knowledge of the bi-directional reflectance distribution function (BRDF). By using atmospheric radiative transfer calculations we demonstrate how several vegetation indices are influenced by the BRDF and by the atmosphere. We present two methods to retrieve the leaf area index (LAI) using bi-directional reflectance factors in the near infrared spectral domain. Firstly we use a newly defined Off-Nadir Vegetation Index (ONVI) and a multiple regression analysis. The method was tested on a synthetic data set with a LAI varying between 0 and 10. We achieved a root mean square error of 1.54. Secondly we trained a neural network with synthetic data computed with the BRDF model of Roujean et al. Using observations in backward scattering direction the root mean square error for LAI retrieval was 1.2. To obtain more comprehensive information on the characteristic and stochastic properties of the BRDF a new measuring method was developed. It employs a rotating CCD-line camera mounted on an extendible boom. The data of our field campaigns together with the measurements performed by other groups are arranged in a BRDF catalog.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2000,
Title:Advantages of BRDF Information for the Interpretation of Reflectance Measurements over Vegetation
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Schönermark, M. vonUNSPECIFIED
Demircan, A.UNSPECIFIED
Geiger, B.UNSPECIFIED
Oehmichen, G.UNSPECIFIED
Tornow, C.UNSPECIFIED
Weimann, A.UNSPECIFIED
Vogt, P.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2000
Journal or Publication Title:Algorithms for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery VI
Volume:4049
Page Range:pp. 491-501
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Shen, S. S.UNSPECIFIED
Descour, M. R.UNSPECIFIED
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
ISBN:0-8194-3675-5
Status:Published
Keywords:Vegetation indices, LAI, field measurements, CCD camera, BIRD, BRDF catalog
Event Title:Aerosense 2000, Orlando, April 2000
Organizer:International Society for Optical Engineering
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institut für Weltraumsensorik und Planetenerkundung
Deposited By: elib DLR-Beauftragter
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 18:34

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