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The Perdigão: Peering into Microscale Details of Mountain Winds

Fernando, H.J.S. and Mann, J. and Palma, J.M.L.M. and Lundquist, J.K. and Barthelmie, R.J. and Belo-Pereira, M. and Brown, W.O.J. and Chow, F.K. and Gerz, Thomas and Hocut, C.M. and Klein, P.M. and Leo, L.S. and Matos, J.C. and Oncley, S.P. and Pryor, S.C. and Bariteau, L. and Bell, T.M. and Bodini, N. and Carney, M.B. and Courtney, M.S. and Creegan, E.D. and Dimitrova, R. and Gomes, S. and Hagen, Martin and Hyde, J.O. and Kigle, Stephan and Krishnamurthy, R. and Lopes, J.C. and Mazzaro, L. and Neher, J.M.T. and Menke, R. and Murphy, P. and Oswald, Lothar and Otarola-Bustos, S. and Pattantyus, A.K. and Rodrigues, C. Veiga and Schady, Arthur and Sirin, N. and Spuler, S. and Svensson, E. and Tomaszewski, J. and Turner, D.D. and van Veen, L. and Vasiljević, N. and Vassallo, D. and Voss, S. and Wildmann, Norman and Wang, Y. (2018) The Perdigão: Peering into Microscale Details of Mountain Winds. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. American Meteorological Society. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0227.1 ISSN 0003-0007

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0227.1

Abstract

A grand challenge from the wind energy industry is to provide reliable forecasts on mountain winds several hours in advance at microscale (ca. 100m) resolution. This requires better microscale wind energy physics included in forecasting tools, for which field observations are imperative. While mesoscale (ca. 1 km) measurements abound, microscale processes are not monitored in practice nor do plentiful measurements exist at this scale. After a decade of preparation, a group of European and US collaborators conducted a field campaign during May 01 – June 15, 2017 in Vale Cobrão in central Portugal to delve into microscale processes in complex terrain. This valley is nestled within a parallel double ridge near the town of Perdigão with dominant wind climatology normal to the ridges, offering a nominally simple yet natural setting for fundamental studies. The dense instrument ensemble deployed covered a 4 x 4 km swath horizontally and 10 km kilometers vertically, with measurement resolutions of tens of meters and seconds. Meteorological data were collected continuously, capturing multiscale flow interactions from synoptic to microscales, diurnal variability, thermal circulation, turbine wake and acoustics, waves and turbulence. Particularly noteworthy are the extensiveness of the instrument array, space-time scales covered, use of leading edge multiple-lidar technology alongside conventional tower and remote sensors, fruitful cross-Atlantic partnership, and adaptive management of the campaign. Preliminary data analysis uncovered interesting new phenomena. All data are being archived for public use.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/124216/
Document Type:Article
Title:The Perdigão: Peering into Microscale Details of Mountain Winds
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Fernando, H.J.S.University of Notre DameUNSPECIFIED
Mann, J.Denmark Technical UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Palma, J.M.L.M.University of PortoUNSPECIFIED
Lundquist, J.K.University of Colorado, BoulderUNSPECIFIED
Barthelmie, R.J.Cornell UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Belo-Pereira, M.Portuguese Institute of Sea and AtmosphereUNSPECIFIED
Brown, W.O.J.National Center for Atmospheric ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Chow, F.K.University of California, BerkeleyUNSPECIFIED
Gerz, ThomasDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Hocut, C.M.Army Research LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Klein, P.M.University of OklahomaUNSPECIFIED
Leo, L.S.University of Notre DameUNSPECIFIED
Matos, J.C.Institute of Science and Innovation in Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringUNSPECIFIED
Oncley, S.P.National Center for Atmospheric ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Pryor, S.C.Cornell UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Bariteau, L.National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Earth Systems Research LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Bell, T.M.University of OklahomaUNSPECIFIED
Bodini, N.University of Colorado, BoulderUNSPECIFIED
Carney, M.B.University of OklahomaUNSPECIFIED
Courtney, M.S.Denmark Technical UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Creegan, E.D.Army Research LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Dimitrova, R.University of Notre DameUNSPECIFIED
Gomes, S.Portuguese Institute of Sea and AtmosphereUNSPECIFIED
Hagen, MartinDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4714-0775
Hyde, J.O.University of Notre DameUNSPECIFIED
Kigle, StephanDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Krishnamurthy, R.University of Notre DameUNSPECIFIED
Lopes, J.C.University of PortoUNSPECIFIED
Mazzaro, L.University of Colorado, BoulderUNSPECIFIED
Neher, J.M.T.University of California, BerkeleyUNSPECIFIED
Menke, R.Denmark Technical UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Murphy, P.University of Colorado, BoulderUNSPECIFIED
Oswald, LotharDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Otarola-Bustos, S.University of Notre DameUNSPECIFIED
Pattantyus, A.K.Army Research LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Rodrigues, C. VeigaUniversity of PortoUNSPECIFIED
Schady, ArthurDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3078-9546
Sirin, N.University of Notre DameUNSPECIFIED
Spuler, S.National Center for Atmospheric ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Svensson, E.Denmark Technical UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Tomaszewski, J.University of Colorado, BoulderUNSPECIFIED
Turner, D.D.National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Earth Systems Research LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
van Veen, L.University of California, BerkeleyUNSPECIFIED
Vasiljević, N.Denmark Technical UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Vassallo, D.University of Notre DameUNSPECIFIED
Voss, S.University of OldenburgUNSPECIFIED
Wildmann, NormanDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9475-4206
Wang, Y.Army Research LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Date:30 November 2018
Journal or Publication Title:Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0227.1
Publisher:American Meteorological Society
ISSN:0003-0007
Status:Published
Keywords:Mikrometeorologie, Windenergie, komplexes Gelände
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Wind Energy
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SW - Solar and Wind Energy
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Wind Energy
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Transport Meteorology
Deposited By: Wildmann, Norman
Deposited On:04 Dec 2018 13:12
Last Modified:04 Dec 2018 13:15

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