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Aircraft measurements and numerical simulations of mountain waves over the central Alps: A pre-MAP test case

Doyle, James D. und Volkert, Hans und Dörnbrack, Andreas und Hoinka, Klaus-Peter und Hogan, T.F. (2002) Aircraft measurements and numerical simulations of mountain waves over the central Alps: A pre-MAP test case. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 128, Seiten 2175-2184. DOI: 10.1256/003590002320603601. ISSN 0035-9009.

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Offizielle URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1256/003590002320603601/pdf

Kurzfassung

In preparation for the field phase of the Mesoscale Alpine Project (MAP), in situ research-aircraft observations from the DLR Falcon, and three-dimensional high-resolution numerical simulations are used to investigate mountain waves generated during a south föhn event on 10 October 1987. The model simulation qualitatively compares favourably with the aircraft observations in terms of identifying the horizontal and vertical locations of maximum gravity-wave amplitude and rapid decay of wave amplitudes in the lower stratosphere. However, even with reasonably specified large-scale conditions, the vertical velocity and temperature perturbations are not in quantitative agreement with the aircraft measurements. The results highlight some deficiencies that still exist in our predictive capability to simulate gravity-wave generation and propagation explicitly over three-dimensional topography for non-steady conditions. The complexity of the gravity-wave response points toward the necessity of a straightforward aircraft observing strategy that features linear flight segments oriented along the cross-mountain wind direction, a rapid repetition of these segments in order to assess the significance of transients, and a combination of in situ measurements with remote-sensing data (e.g. from lidar systems and dropsondes), an approach that was successfully applied during the MAP.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Zusätzliche Informationen:LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2002,
Titel:Aircraft measurements and numerical simulations of mountain waves over the central Alps: A pre-MAP test case
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Doyle, James D.Naval Research Lab., Monerey, CA, USA
Volkert, HansDLR, IPA
Dörnbrack, AndreasDLR, IPA
Hoinka, Klaus-PeterDLR, IPA
Hogan, T.F.Naval Research Lab., Monerey, CA, USA
Datum:2002
Erschienen in:Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:128
DOI :10.1256/003590002320603601
Seitenbereich:Seiten 2175-2184
ISSN:0035-9009
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Alps, foehn, mountain waves, MAP, gravity waves, numerical modelling
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Wolkenphysik und Verkehrsmeteorologie
Hinterlegt von: Ute Löb
Hinterlegt am:15 Jan 2008
Letzte Änderung:05 Aug 2014 18:47

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