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Exploitation of thermochemical cycles based on solid oxide redox systems for thermochemical storage of solar heat. Part 1: Testing of cobalt oxide-based powders

Agrafiotis, Christos and Roeb, Martin and Schmücker, Martin and Sattler, Christian (2014) Exploitation of thermochemical cycles based on solid oxide redox systems for thermochemical storage of solar heat. Part 1: Testing of cobalt oxide-based powders. Solar Energy, 102, pp. 189-211. Elsevier. ISSN 0038-092X.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2013.12.032

Abstract

Thermochemical storage of solar heat exploits the enthalpy effects of reversible chemical reactions for the storage of solar energy. Among the possible reversible gas–solid chemical reactions, utilization of a pair of reduction–oxidation (redox) reactions of solid oxides of multivalent metals can be directly coupled to Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) plants employing air as the heat transfer fluid avoiding thus the need for separate heat exchangers. The redox pair of cobalt oxides Co3O4/CoO in particular, is characterized by high reaction enthalpies and thus potential heat storage capacity. Parametric testing of cobalt oxide-based powder compositions via Thermo-Gravimetric Analysis/Differential Scanning Calorimetry was performed to determine the temperature range for cyclic reduction–oxidation and optimize the process parameters for Maximum reduction and re-oxidation extent. The heating/cooling rate is an important means to control the extent of the oxidation reaction which is slower than reduction. Complete re-oxidation was achieved within reasonable times by performing the two reactions at close temperatures and by controlling the heating/cooling rate. Under proper operating conditions Co3O4 powders exhibited longterm (30 cycles), complete and reproducible cyclic reduction/oxidation performance within the temperature range 800–1000 �C. No benefits occurred by using Ni, Mg and Cu cobaltates instead of “pure” Co3O4. The Co3O4 raw material’s specific surface area is an influential factor on redox performance to which observed differences among powders from various sources could be attributed. Presence of Na was also shown to affect significantly the evolution of the products’ microstructure, though not necessarily combined with improved redox performance.

Document Type:Article
Title:Exploitation of thermochemical cycles based on solid oxide redox systems for thermochemical storage of solar heat. Part 1: Testing of cobalt oxide-based powders
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Agrafiotis, Christoschristos.agrafiotis@dlr.de
Roeb, MartinMartin.roeb@dlr.de
Schmücker, MartinMartin.Schmuecker@dlr.de
Sattler, Christianchristian.sattler@dlr.de
Date:11 February 2014
Journal or Publication Title:Solar Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:102
Page Range:pp. 189-211
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Epstein, MichaelUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0038-092X
Status:Published
Keywords:Solar energy; Thermochemical cycles; Thermochemical heat storage; Redox reactions; Cobalt oxide; Cobaltates
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Concentrating Solar Systems
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SF - Solar research
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Solare Verfahrenstechnik (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Solare Verfahrenstechnik
Institute of Materials Research > Keramische Strukturwerkstoffe
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Christian Sattler
Deposited On:24 Feb 2014 07:38
Last Modified:22 Sep 2014 11:13

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