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MRI-based skeletal hand movement model

Stillfried, Georg and Hillenbrand, Ulrich and Settles, Marcus and van der Smagt, Patrick (2014) MRI-based skeletal hand movement model. In: The Human Hand as an Inspiration for Robot Hand Development Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. Springer.

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Abstract

The kinematics of the human hand is optimal with respect to force distribution during pinch as well as power grasp, reducing the tissue strain when exerting forces through opposing fingers and optimising contact faces. Quantifying this optimality is of key importance when constructing biomimetic robotic hands, but understanding the exact human finger motion is also an important asset in, e.g., tracking finger movement during manipulation. The goal of the method presented here is to determine the precise orientations and positions of the axes of rotation of the finger joints by using suitable magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images of a hand in various postures. The bones are segmented from the images, and their poses are estimated with respect to a reference posture. The axis orientations and positions are fitted numerically to match the measured bone motions. Eight joint types with varying degrees of freedom are investigated for each joint, and the joint type is selected by setting a limit on the rotational and translational mean discrepancy. The method results in hand models with differing accuracy and complexity, of which three examples, ranging from 22 to 33 DoF, are presented. The ranges of motion of the joints show some consensus and some disagreement with data from literature. One of the models is published as an implementation for the free OpenSim simulation environment. The mean discrepancies from a hand model built from MRI data are compared against a hand model built from optical motion capture data.

Document Type:Book Section
Title:MRI-based skeletal hand movement model
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Stillfried, Georggeorg.stillfried@dlr.de
Hillenbrand, Ulrichulrich.hillenbrand@dlr.de
Settles, Marcusmsettles@tum.de
van der Smagt, PatrickUNSPECIFIED
Date:January 2014
Journal or Publication Title:The Human Hand as an Inspiration for Robot Hand Development
Refereed publication:Yes
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Balasubramanian, RaviUNSPECIFIED
Santos, VeronicaUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Springer
Series Name:Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics
Status:Published
Keywords:human hand, robot hand, hand kinematics, MR imaging, 3D object localisation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben on Orbit Servicing
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics > Autonomy and Teleoperation
Deposited By: Georg Stillfried
Deposited On:09 Jan 2014 16:32
Last Modified:09 Jan 2014 16:32

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