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A Parametric Inversion Scheme for ENVISAT ASAR Wave Measurements

Schulz-Stellenfleth, Johannes and Lehner, Susanne and Holt, M. (2005) A Parametric Inversion Scheme for ENVISAT ASAR Wave Measurements. In: Proceedings of the 2004 Envisat & ERS Symposium, SP-572 (on CD-ROM), pp. 1-6. ENVISAT/ERS Symposium, Salzburg, Austria, 6-10 September 2004. ISBN ISBN 92-9092-883-2 / ISSN 1609-042X.

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Abstract

A parametric inversion scheme for the retrieval of two-dimensional ocean wave spectra from look cross spectra (SLCS) aquired by spaceborn synthetic aperture radar (SAR) is presented. The scheme uses prior information from numerical wave models to deal with the information loss caused by the non-linear SAR ocean wave imaging mechanism. The Partition Rescaling and Shift Algorithm (PARSA) is based on a maximum a posteriori approach in which an optimal estimate of a wave spectrum for a given measured SLCS and additional prior knowledge is calcultated. The method is based on explicit models for measurement errors, as well as uncertainties in the SAR imaging model and the model wave spectra used as prior information. The correction parameters for the SAR imaging model are estimated as part of the retrieval process. The rigorous stochastic approach enables the estimation of the error covariance matrix of the retrieved parameters. Uncertainties in the prior wave spectrum are expressed in terms of transformation variables, which are defined for each wave system in the spectrum, describing rotations, rescaling of wavenumbers and energy, as well as changes of directional spreading. A new partitioning method is used which allows overlapping partitions and thus avoid discontinuities occurring in algorithms used so far. The PARSA wave spectra retrieval is equivalent to a minimization problem with regard to the transformation variables and parameters of the imaging model. A Levenberg Marquard method is used to find a numerical solution. The inversion is performed on a polar grid with a dimension, which is an order of magnitude smaller than the typical cartesian grids used so far. The reduced dimension enables the use of an extended quasi-linear approcimation of the imaging model with non-diagnonal Jacobian matrix, ledaing to a high stability of the algorithm. The scheme is tested using both ERS-2 SAR and ENVISAT ASAR data. It is shown that the method is able to extract information from cross spectra even if there are strong errors in the SAR imaging model. It is demonstraded that the algorithm makes use of the new phase information contained in cross spectra, which is of particular importance for multi-modal sea states. Global statistics are presented for a global data set of reprocessed ERS-2 SAR wave mode SLCS acquired in southern winter 1996.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2005, monograph_id=5b4_Schulz_596,
Title:A Parametric Inversion Scheme for ENVISAT ASAR Wave Measurements
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Schulz-Stellenfleth, JohannesUNSPECIFIED
Lehner, SusanneUNSPECIFIED
Holt, M.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2005
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the 2004 Envisat & ERS Symposium
Volume:SP-572 (on CD-ROM)
Page Range:pp. 1-6
Editors:
EditorsEmail
ESA Publications Division, UNSPECIFIED
Series Name:ESA Publications
ISBN:ISBN 92-9092-883-2 / ISSN 1609-042X
Status:Published
Keywords:ocean waves, synthetik aperture radar, iverse problem
Event Title:ENVISAT/ERS Symposium, Salzburg, Austria, 6-10 September 2004
Organizer:ESA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute
Deposited By: Bärbel Bolowski
Deposited On:13 Feb 2006
Last Modified:06 Jan 2010 22:41

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