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High-temperature Pressure Broadening of Water: Experimental Evidence for Negative Temperature Exponents

Birk, Manfred und Wagner, Georg und Gamache, R.R. und Hartmann, J.-M. (2004) High-temperature Pressure Broadening of Water: Experimental Evidence for Negative Temperature Exponents. In: The 8th HITRAN Database Conference, Seite 7. The 8th HITRAN Database Conference, Cambridge MA, USA, 16.-18.6.2004.

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Kurzfassung

Fourier transform spectra of H2O-air mixtures have been measured at 296, 742, and 980 K for total pressures of 0.5 and 1.0 atm with a H2O VMR of 0.5% in the ƒÞ2 band (range 1550-2300 cm-1) at a spectral resolution of 0.01 cm-1. These measurements were initially carried out in the frame of two EC projects aiming at a spectroscopic database for non-intrusive aircraft exhaust measurement. A special cell for high temperatures, good temperature homogeneity, 16 cm absorption path, equipped for continuous gas flow, has been developed to be operated stand-alone and inside the evacuated sample compartment of the Bruker IFS 120 HR FT spectrometer. Thermal emission compensation and proper transmittance calculation required high resolution sample and reference spectra for the IR source switched on and off. Temperatures were deduced from CO line intensity measurements. Line positions, linestrengths and Lorentzian halfwidths have been retrieved from the spectra. For the following analysis only air-broadening for the doublet lines with Kc=J is considered. From these data and previous experimental determinations, line-broadening parameters ƒ×(T) are obtained at all three temperatures for the doublet lines from J=0 up to J=16. These values are then used to deduce the temperature dependence exponent n, such that . The values of n obtained using the two elevated temperatures are consistent and show that line widths decrease with T for small J values (n „l +0.8), are almost temperature independent on T for J„l10, and increase with T for high J lines (n „l -0.3 for J„l15). This original result, which confirms theoretical predictions made about fifteen years ago with a semi-classical approach [J Chem Phys 1987;86:144-56], is analyzed here using an improved version of the model.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Paper)
Zusätzliche Informationen: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2004,
Titel:High-temperature Pressure Broadening of Water: Experimental Evidence for Negative Temperature Exponents
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Birk, ManfredNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Wagner, GeorgNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Gamache, R.R.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Hartmann, J.-M.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:2004
Erschienen in:The 8th HITRAN Database Conference
Seitenbereich:Seite 7
Herausgeber:
HerausgeberInstitution und/oder E-Mail-Adresse der Herausgeber
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:water vapour, pressure broadening, high temperature, spectroscopic database of atmospheric constituents
Veranstaltungstitel:The 8th HITRAN Database Conference, Cambridge MA, USA, 16.-18.6.2004
Veranstalter :Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Methodik der Fernerkundung
Hinterlegt von: Cornelia Roehl
Hinterlegt am:17 Feb 2006
Letzte Änderung:06 Jan 2010 22:27

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