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In situ feeding and element removal in the symbiont-bearing sponge Theonella swinhoei: Bulk DOC is the major source for carbon

Yahel, G. and Sharp, J.H. and Marie, D. and Häse, Clivia and Genin, A. (2003) In situ feeding and element removal in the symbiont-bearing sponge Theonella swinhoei: Bulk DOC is the major source for carbon. Limnology and Oceanography, 48 (1), pp. 141-149.

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Abstract

The vast majority of organic matter in the world ocean is found in the dissolved pool. However, no evidence has been demonstrated for direct uptake of bulk dissolved organic matter (DOM) by organisms other than bacteria and some invertebrate larvae. The total organic carbon (TOC) is 10-30% higher in coral reefs than in adjacent open waters. The dissolved organic carbon (DOC) accounts for > 90% of the TOC. Using a new in situ technique for clean sampling of the seawater inhaled and exhaled by benthic suspension feeders we measured directly the removal of DOC in the coral-reef demosponge Theonella swinhoei. The sponge removed up to 26% (12±8%, mean±1SD) of the TOC (dissolved and particulate) from the water it filtered during a single passage through its filtration system. Most of the carbon gained by the sponge was from the dissolved pool (10±7 µM C), an order of magnitude greater than the carbon gained from the total living cells (phytoplankton and bacteria) the sponge removed (2±1 µM C). In T. Swinhoei, over two thirds of the sponge biomass consists of symbiotic bacteria, likely having an important role in the DOC uptake. Our findings indicate that the role of DOC in metazoans nutrition as well as the role of metazoans in DOC cycling may have been grossly underestimated.

Document Type:Article
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2002,
Title:In situ feeding and element removal in the symbiont-bearing sponge Theonella swinhoei: Bulk DOC is the major source for carbon
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Yahel, G.UNSPECIFIED
Sharp, J.H.UNSPECIFIED
Marie, D.UNSPECIFIED
Häse, CliviaUNSPECIFIED
Genin, A.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2003
Journal or Publication Title:Limnology and Oceanography
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:48
Page Range:pp. 141-149
Status:Published
Keywords:Dissolved organic carbon, DOC removal, benthic suspension feeders, sponge, Theonella, coral reef, InEx technique
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute
Deposited By: Cornelia Roehl
Deposited On:02 Feb 2006
Last Modified:06 Jan 2010 22:15

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