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Spectroscopic Measurements from Space with the FOCUS Sensor System to analyse Gas and Smoke Properties of high Temperature Events

Tank, Volker and Haschberger, Peter and Bochter, Kurt and Oertel, Dieter and Beier, Kurt and Schreier, Franz and Birk, Manfred and Lindermeir, Erwin and Wagner, Georg (2001) Spectroscopic Measurements from Space with the FOCUS Sensor System to analyse Gas and Smoke Properties of high Temperature Events. In: Spectroscopy from Space, pp. 259-273. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Spectroscopy from Space, Bratislava, 31.10. - 4.11.00. ISBN 0-7923-6992-0.

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Abstract

Operated on the International Space Station ISS the FOCUS sensor system will autonomously detect and analyse high temperature events like forest and bush fires, volcano eruptions or coal seam fires. The system consists of imaging sensors for the visible and infrared spectral region as well as a Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer. The heritage of FOCUS, the DLR imager BIRD and FTIR spectrometer MIROR, are presented. Modifications incl. high accuracy radiometric calibration are described. Three dimensional distribution of temperatures, combustion gas concentrations and smoke aerosoles will be retrieved by inversion of radiative transfer models combined with an unique fusion of the FOCUS spectral and imaging data.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2001,
Title:Spectroscopic Measurements from Space with the FOCUS Sensor System to analyse Gas and Smoke Properties of high Temperature Events
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Tank, VolkerUNSPECIFIED
Haschberger, PeterUNSPECIFIED
Bochter, KurtUNSPECIFIED
Oertel, DieterUNSPECIFIED
Beier, KurtUNSPECIFIED
Schreier, FranzUNSPECIFIED
Birk, ManfredUNSPECIFIED
Lindermeir, ErwinUNSPECIFIED
Wagner, GeorgUNSPECIFIED
Date:2001
Journal or Publication Title:Spectroscopy from Space
Page Range:pp. 259-273
Editors:
EditorsEmail
J. Demaison et al. (editors), UNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Kluwer Academic Publishers
ISBN:0-7923-6992-0
Status:Published
Keywords:Remote Sensing, High Temperature Events, Spectroscopy, Gas analysis, fire, volcano, smoke, infrared, FTIR, spectrometer, MIROR, NESR, noise equivalent spectral radiance, detector, foreoptics, radiometric calibration, three temperature calibration, radiation, radiative transfer, retrieval, data fusion
Event Title:Spectroscopy from Space, Bratislava, 31.10. - 4.11.00
Organizer:NATO
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute
Deposited By: Cornelia Roehl
Deposited On:25 Jan 2006
Last Modified:06 Jan 2010 22:04

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