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Sensitivity of Venus surface emissivity retrieval to model variations of CO2 opacity, cloud features, and deep atmosphere temperature field

Kappel, David and Arnold, Gabriele and Haus, Rainer (2012) Sensitivity of Venus surface emissivity retrieval to model variations of CO2 opacity, cloud features, and deep atmosphere temperature field. In: Abstracts on CD "39th COSPAR Scientific Assembly 2012". 39th COSPAR Scientific Assembly 2012, 14.-22. Jul. 2012, Mysore, India.

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Official URL: http://www.cospar-assembly.org/abstractcd/COSPAR-12/

Abstract

The Visible and Infrared Thermal Imaging Spectrometer (VIRTIS) aboard ESA’s Venus Ex- press space probe has acquired a wealth of nightside emission spectra from Venus and provides the first global database for systematic atmospheric and surface studies in the IR. The in- frared mapping channel (VIRTIS-M-IR) sounds the atmosphere and surface at high spatial and temporal resolution and coverage. Quantitative analyses of data call for a sophisticated radiative transfer simulation model of Venus’ atmosphere to be used in atmospheric and surface parameter retrieval procedures that fit simulated spectra to the measured data. The surface emissivity can be retrieved from VIRTIS-M-IR measurements in the transparency windows around 1 μm, but it is not easy to derive, since atmospheric influences strongly interfere with surface information. There are mainly three atmospheric model parameters that may affect quantitative results of surface emissivity retrievals: CO2 opacity, cloud features, and deep atmosphere temperature field. The CO2 opacity with respect to allowed transitions is usually computed by utilizing a suitable line data base and certain line shape models that consider collisional line mixing. Both line data bases and shape models are not well established from measurements under the environmental conditions in the deep atmosphere of Venus. Pressure-induced additional continuum absorption introduces further opacity uncertainties. The clouds of Venus are usually modeled by a four-modal distribution of spherical droplets of about 75% sulfuric acid, where each mode is characterized by a different mean and standard deviation of droplet size distribution and a different initial altitude abundance profile. The influence of possible cloud mode variations on surface emissivity retrieval results is investigated in the paper. Future retrieval procedures will aim at a separation of cloud mode and surface emissivity variations using different atmospheric windows sounded by VIRTIS-M-IR. Another potential source of emissivity uncertainties is due to the deep atmosphere temperature field. It is usually considered to be independent on latitude below 32 km as described by the Venus International Reference Atmosphere (VIRA) model. Remote sensing of temperature fields down to the surface of Venus was never performed till now, and in situ measurements were mainly restricted to low latitudes up to about 30 degrees. Altitudinal and latitudinal deviations from the VIRA deep atmospheric temperature field may occur, however, and are in fact suggested by General Circulation Models. The paper will discuss the impact of the recited atmospheric parameters on the retrieved surface emissivity both in terms of absolute values and uncertainties. We gratefully acknowledge the support from the VIRTIS/Venus Express Team and from DLR, ASI, CNES, CNRS.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Sensitivity of Venus surface emissivity retrieval to model variations of CO2 opacity, cloud features, and deep atmosphere temperature field
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Kappel, DavidDavid.Kappel@dlr.de
Arnold, GabrieleGabriele.Arnold@dlr.de
Haus, RainerWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
Date:20 July 2012
Journal or Publication Title:Abstracts on CD "39th COSPAR Scientific Assembly 2012"
Refereed publication:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Venus, retrieval, surface, sensitivity
Event Title:39th COSPAR Scientific Assembly 2012
Event Location:Mysore, India
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:14.-22. Jul. 2012
Organizer:COSPAR
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Venus Express Kamera
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics
Deposited By: David Kappel
Deposited On:09 Nov 2012 09:17
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 21:49

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