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How to measure monitoring performance of pilots and air traffic controllers

Hasse, Catrin and Grasshoff, Dietrich and Bruder, Carmen (2012) How to measure monitoring performance of pilots and air traffic controllers. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications, pp. 409-412. ETRA '12 Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications , 28.-30 März, Santa Barbara, CA, USA. ISBN 978-1-4503-1221-9.

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Abstract

In prior research on the future of aviation it was established that operators will have to work with highly automated systems. Increasing automation will require operators monitoring appropriately (OMA). OMA are expected to demonstrate the use of distinctly different monitoring phases (orientation, anticipation, detection, and recheck). Within these phases, they must grasp in time the relevant information that would enable them to take control should automation fail. The presented study aims at finding appropriate measurements for the identification of OMA on the basis of eye tracking. In order to do this, a normative model of adequate monitoring behavior was designed including the definition of areas of interest. We tested 90 participants who had to monitor a dynamic automatic process, and then take control. In order to decide on suitable eye tracking parameters it was asked which parameters are significantly related to manual control performance. The results show that the suitability of parameters depends on the specific phase of the monitoring process. Gaze durations allow for differentiating between high and low performing subjects during orientation phases. In contrast, relative fixation counts are suitable for predicting monitoring performance during detection phases. In general, the results support the assumption that eye tracking parameters are appropriate for identifying OMA.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Title:How to measure monitoring performance of pilots and air traffic controllers
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Hasse, Catrincatrin.hasse@dlr.de
Grasshoff, Dietrichdietrich.grasshoff@dlr.de
Bruder, Carmencarmen.bruder@dlr.de
Date:2012
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications
Page Range:pp. 409-412
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Spencer, StephenUniversity of New York
ISBN:978-1-4503-1221-9
Status:Published
Keywords:automation, human monitoring performance, eye tracking, aviation, future ATM
Event Title:ETRA '12 Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications
Event Location:Santa Barbara, CA, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:28.-30 März
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human Factors and Safety in Aeronautics
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Aviation and Space Psychology
Deposited By: Andrea Witt
Deposited On:09 Oct 2012 10:11
Last Modified:09 Oct 2012 10:11

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