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Satellites enabling the integration in non-segregated airspace of UAS in Europe

Schmitt, Dirk-Roger and Hesselink, Henk and Morlang, Frank (2012) Satellites enabling the integration in non-segregated airspace of UAS in Europe. First Conference of the International Society for Atmospheric Research using Remotely Piloted Aircraft, 18. - 22. February 2012, Palma de Mallorca.

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Abstract

Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) gain increasing interest and use for atmospheric research. However, regulation for integration in airspace is not harmonised in Europe. Also flying beyond the line of sight (BLOS) is only possible by use of command & control communication through a reliable relay system. The project SINUE (Satellites enabling the Integration in Non-segregated airspace of UAS in Europe), investigated to fly an UAS as IFR (Instrument Flight Rules) traffic within national borders in controlled, non-segregated airspace by communication link via satellites. A real-time man-in-the-loop simulation environment has been set-up, where real air traffic controllers, a real pilot (for other traffic), and a pilot at an UAS ground control station (GCS) participated to evaluate the concept. Several representative scenarios were evaluated, including emergency situations. Also the additional work load brought to air traffic controllers was investigated using the NASA TLX method. We have shown that integration of UAS in controlled airspace is a feasible concept. Air traffic controllers indicated that control of the UAS did not differ significantly from control of other, manned aircraft, although at the beginning a slightly increased workload was observed. We have also demonstrated that UAS emergency procedures can be designed equivalent to those of manned aircraft, such that the air traffic controller will understand and is able to predict the behaviour of the UAS in several loss-of-satellite-communication situations.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:Invited, Referred Abstract
Title:Satellites enabling the integration in non-segregated airspace of UAS in Europe
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Schmitt, Dirk-RogerAT-One/DLR
Hesselink, HenkAT-One/NLR
Morlang, FrankAT-One/DLR
Date:5 October 2012
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:UAV, Unmanned Aircraft System, RPA, Remotely Piloted Aircraft, Satellite Communikation
Event Title:First Conference of the International Society for Atmospheric Research using Remotely Piloted Aircraft
Event Location:Palma de Mallorca
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:18. - 22. February 2012
Organizer:International Society for Atmospheric Research
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Effiziente Flugführung und Flugbetrieb (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control > ATM-Simulation
Deposited By: Dr.-Ing. Dirk-Roger Schmitt
Deposited On:11 Oct 2012 11:49
Last Modified:27 Jan 2014 12:36

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