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Using human-compatible reference values in design of cooperative dynamic human-machine systems

Kelsch, Johann and Heesen, Matthias and Hesse, Tobias and Baumann, Martin (2012) Using human-compatible reference values in design of cooperative dynamic human-machine systems. 30th European Annual Conference on Human Decision-Making and Manual Control (EAM 2012), 11.-12. Sep. 2012 , Braunschweig, Germany.

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Abstract

This is a conceptual paper about design of cognitive systems. The design of cooperative dynamic human-machine systems, such as driver assistance systems within a vehicle being part of the traffic, is a challenging task. The result has to be easily comprehensible for the user, although the overall system complexity might be rather high. Firstly, the driver assistance systems are able to perform a complex but partially hidden behavior. An Adaptive Cruise Control system (ACC), for example, can perceive relevant aspects of the current traffic situation and can decide autonomously about the longitudinal maneuver, such as approaching or maintaining speed. In parallel, it performs singular actions, such as deceleration to avoid collisions. However, the matching of technical and design constraints of the machine behavior and natural human behavior can be difficult, particularly in time- and safety-critical situations, for instance during emergency braking or evading. And secondly, the overall system complexity increases caused by the high number of different assistance systems already on the market. In some cases they are not well integrated and the driver has to interact with each of them separately. To design well usable cooperative dynamic human-machine systems and interaction, a usability improving and system integrating approach is required. In this paper, we describe such an approach based on the use of human-compatible reference values. The main reference value that we use in the design of driver assistance systems is named ‘action tension’. We show exemplary how such a value can be derived from well-known and accepted scientific concepts, how it can be operationalized and evaluated within a usability assessment and how it can be used in the design of an integrated driver assistance system in case of an approach, brake and evade driving scenario.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Title:Using human-compatible reference values in design of cooperative dynamic human-machine systems
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Kelsch, JohannUNSPECIFIED
Heesen, MatthiasUNSPECIFIED
Hesse, TobiasUNSPECIFIED
Baumann, MartinUNSPECIFIED
Date:11 September 2012
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:19
Page Range:pp. 27-32
Series Name:Berichte aus dem DLR-Institut für Verkehrssystemtechnik
Status:Published
Keywords:Cognitive Systems Design, Tension, Human-Machine Systems, Human-Machine Interaction
Event Title:30th European Annual Conference on Human Decision-Making and Manual Control (EAM 2012)
Event Location:Braunschweig, Germany
Event Type:national Conference
Event Dates:11.-12. Sep. 2012
Organizer:German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institut of Transportation Systems
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Fahrerassistenz (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Automotive
Deposited By: Johann Kelsch
Deposited On:19 Sep 2012 10:06
Last Modified:19 Sep 2012 10:06

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