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Feedstock choices for second generation biofuel production in Europe

Leduc, S. and Wetterlund, E. and Dotzauer, E. and Tum, M. and Kindermann, G. (2012) Feedstock choices for second generation biofuel production in Europe. SEEp 2012, 05.-08. Jun. 2012, Dublin, Irland.

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Abstract

Second generation biofuels are expected to replace 3-5% of the transport fossil fuel consumption by 2020. Different feedstocks can be used to meet this target such as forest residuals, crop residuals, construction and demolition wood, or paper and cardboard. This study investigates the potential of second generation biofuel in Europe by 2020 for forest residuals and crop residuals, under varying biofuel support. A techno-economic, geographically explicit model is used to determine the optimal locations of new bio-energy production plants by minimizing the costs and CO2 emissions of the entire supply chain. Ethanol via hydrolysis and fermentation, and combined heat and power (CHP) are both considered to acknowledge feedstock competition. The results show that only 5% of the European transport fuel can be produced from crop residues, if no economic biofuel support is applied. For a biofuel support of 30 EUR/GJ, up to 20% of the European transport fuel can be produced within the EU, of which more than half would be provided from crop residues. Biofuel would be mainly produced from woody biomass in Scandinavia and France, and crop residuals in Central Europe, while South Europe would be more dependent on import of both feedstock and biofuel.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Paper)
Title:Feedstock choices for second generation biofuel production in Europe
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Leduc, S.leduc@iiasa.ac.at
Wetterlund, E.elisabeth.wetterlund@liu.se
Dotzauer, E.erik.dotzauer@mdh.se
Tum, M.markus.tum@dlr.de
Kindermann, G.kinder@iiasa.ac.at
Date:2012
Refereed publication:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 212-217
Status:Published
Keywords:second generation biofuels, forest residual, crop residual, mixed integer model
Event Title:SEEp 2012
Event Location:Dublin, Irland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:05.-08. Jun. 2012
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Prozesse der Landoberfläche (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface
Deposited By: Markus Tum
Deposited On:20 Aug 2012 13:08
Last Modified:20 Aug 2012 13:08

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