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EXPOSE-E: An ESA Astrobiology Mission 1.5 Years in Space

Rabbow, Elke und Rettberg, Petra und Barczyk, Simon und Bohmeier, Maria und Parpart, André und Panitz, Corinna und Horneck, Gerda und von Heise-Rotenburg, Ralf und Hoppenbrouwers, Tom und Willnecker, Rainer und Baglioni, Pietro und Demets, René und Dettmann, Jan und Reitz, Guenther (2012) EXPOSE-E: An ESA Astrobiology Mission 1.5 Years in Space. Astrobiology, 12 (5), Seiten 374-386. Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.. DOI: 10.1089/ast.2011.0760.

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Kurzfassung

The multi-user facility EXPOSE-E was designed by the European Space Agency to enable astrobiology research in space (low-Earth orbit). On 7 February 2008, EXPOSE-E was carried to the International Space Station (ISS) on the European Technology Exposure Facility (EuTEF) platform in the cargo bay of Space Shuttle STS-122 Atlantis. The facility was installed at the starboard cone of the Columbus module by extravehicular activity, where it remained in space for 1.5 years. EXPOSE-E was returned to Earth with STS-128 Discovery on 12 September 2009 for subsequent sample analysis. EXPOSE-E provided accommodation in three exposure trays for a variety of astrobiological test samples that were exposed to selected space conditions: either to space vacuum, solar electromagnetic radiation at > 110nm and cosmic radiation (trays 1 and 3) or to simulated martian surface conditions (tray 2). Data on UV radiation, cosmic radiation, and temperature were measured every 10 s and downlinked by telemetry. A parallel mission ground reference (MGR) experiment was performed on ground with a parallel set of hardware and samples under simulated space conditions. EXPOSE-E performed a successful 1.5-year mission in space.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:EXPOSE-E: An ESA Astrobiology Mission 1.5 Years in Space
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Rabbow, Elke Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany
Rettberg, Petra Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany
Barczyk, Simon Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany
Bohmeier, Maria Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany
Parpart, André Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany
Panitz, Corinna Institute of Aerospace Medicine, RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany.
Horneck, Gerda Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany
von Heise-Rotenburg, Ralf Kayser-Threde GmbH, Munich, Germany.
Hoppenbrouwers, Tom Space Applications Services NV, Zaventem, Belgium.
Willnecker, Rainer Microgravity User Support Center (MUSC), German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany.
Baglioni, Pietro ESA ESTEC, Noordwijk, the Netherlands.
Demets, René ESA ESTEC, Noordwijk, the Netherlands.
Dettmann, Jan ESA ESTEC, Noordwijk, the Netherlands.
Reitz, Guenther Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany
Datum:2012
Erschienen in:Astrobiology
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:12
DOI :10.1089/ast.2011.0760
Seitenbereich:Seiten 374-386
Verlag:Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Astrobiology, Spacecraft experiments, Spaceflight, ISS, External platform
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr, Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Raumfahrt, Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen, W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Raumfahrt, Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen, W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie, W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (alt)
Standort: Köln-Porz
Institute & Einrichtungen:Raumflugbetrieb und Astronautentraining > Nutzerzentrum für Weltraumexperimente (MUSC)
Institut für Luft- und Raumfahrtmedizin > Strahlenbiologie
Hinterlegt von: Kerstin Kopp
Hinterlegt am:08 Aug 2012 15:27
Letzte Änderung:07 Feb 2013 20:09

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