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EXPOSE-E: An ESA Astrobiology Mission 1.5 Years in Space

Rabbow, Elke and Rettberg, Petra and Barczyk, Simon and Bohmeier, Maria and Parpart, André and Panitz, Corinna and Horneck, Gerda and von Heise-Rotenburg, Ralf and Hoppenbrouwers, Tom and Willnecker, Rainer and Baglioni, Pietro and Demets, René and Dettmann, Jan and Reitz, Guenther (2012) EXPOSE-E: An ESA Astrobiology Mission 1.5 Years in Space. Astrobiology, 12 (5), pp. 374-386. Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.. DOI: 10.1089/ast.2011.0760.

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Abstract

The multi-user facility EXPOSE-E was designed by the European Space Agency to enable astrobiology research in space (low-Earth orbit). On 7 February 2008, EXPOSE-E was carried to the International Space Station (ISS) on the European Technology Exposure Facility (EuTEF) platform in the cargo bay of Space Shuttle STS-122 Atlantis. The facility was installed at the starboard cone of the Columbus module by extravehicular activity, where it remained in space for 1.5 years. EXPOSE-E was returned to Earth with STS-128 Discovery on 12 September 2009 for subsequent sample analysis. EXPOSE-E provided accommodation in three exposure trays for a variety of astrobiological test samples that were exposed to selected space conditions: either to space vacuum, solar electromagnetic radiation at > 110nm and cosmic radiation (trays 1 and 3) or to simulated martian surface conditions (tray 2). Data on UV radiation, cosmic radiation, and temperature were measured every 10 s and downlinked by telemetry. A parallel mission ground reference (MGR) experiment was performed on ground with a parallel set of hardware and samples under simulated space conditions. EXPOSE-E performed a successful 1.5-year mission in space.

Document Type:Article
Title:EXPOSE-E: An ESA Astrobiology Mission 1.5 Years in Space
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Rabbow, Elke Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany
Rettberg, Petra Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany
Barczyk, Simon Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany
Bohmeier, Maria Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany
Parpart, André Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany
Panitz, Corinna Institute of Aerospace Medicine, RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany.
Horneck, Gerda Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany
von Heise-Rotenburg, Ralf Kayser-Threde GmbH, Munich, Germany.
Hoppenbrouwers, Tom Space Applications Services NV, Zaventem, Belgium.
Willnecker, Rainer Microgravity User Support Center (MUSC), German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany.
Baglioni, Pietro ESA ESTEC, Noordwijk, the Netherlands.
Demets, René ESA ESTEC, Noordwijk, the Netherlands.
Dettmann, Jan ESA ESTEC, Noordwijk, the Netherlands.
Reitz, Guenther Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany
Date:2012
Journal or Publication Title:Astrobiology
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:12
DOI:10.1089/ast.2011.0760
Page Range:pp. 374-386
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Status:Published
Keywords:Astrobiology, Spacecraft experiments, Spaceflight, ISS, External platform
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport, Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space, Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions, W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt, Space
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen, W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie, W - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kerstin Kopp
Deposited On:08 Aug 2012 15:27
Last Modified:07 Feb 2013 20:09

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