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Glacier Surface Monitoring by Maximizing Mutual Information

Erten, Esra and Rossi, Cristian and Hajnsek, Irena (2012) Glacier Surface Monitoring by Maximizing Mutual Information. ISPRS 2012, Melbourne, Australia.

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Abstract

The contribution of Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar (PolSAR) images compared with the single-channel SAR in terms of temporal scene characterization has been found and described to add valuable information in the literature. However, despite a number of recent studies focusing on single polarized glacier monitoring, the potential of polarimetry to estimate the surface velocity of glaciers has not been explored, because the polarization effect through glacier/snow is a complex mechanism. In this paper, a new approach to the problem of monitoring glacier surface velocity is proposed by means of temporal PolSAR images, using a basic concept from information theory: Mutual Information (MI). The proposed polarimetric tracking method applies MI to measure the statistical dependence between temporal polarimetric images, which is assumed to be maximal if the images are geometrically aligned. Since the proposed polarimetric tracking method is very powerful and general, it can be implemented into any kind of multivariate remote sensing data such as multi-spectral optical and single-channel SAR images. The accuracy of the MI based polarimetric tracking is validated with ground measurements, while robustness is evaluated with respect to estimation performance including the effect of number of channels. Our results due to the ground measurements demonstrate that precise polarimetric tracking can be achieved completely automatically MI measure which makes the proposed measure well suited for operational applications. The effect of number of channel (polarimetry) investigations demonstrated that the presence of snow, as expected, effects the location of the phase center in different polarization, such as glacier tracking with temporal HH compared to temporal VV channels. Shortly, a change in polarimetric signature of the scatterer can change the phase center, causing a question of how much of what I am observing is motion and penetration. In this paper, it is shown that considering the multi channel SAR statistics, it is possible to optimize the separate these contributions. The proposed polarimetric tracking is then used to retrieve surface velocity of Aletsch glacier located in Switzerland. The performance of the resulting retrieval measures are also based on system parameters. To figure out this effect, two different SAR sensors; Envisat C-band (single polarized) and DLR airborne L-band (fully polarimetric) systems are employed.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Title:Glacier Surface Monitoring by Maximizing Mutual Information
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Erten, EsraITU
Rossi, CristianDLR-IMF
Hajnsek, IrenaETH
Date:2012
Page Range:pp. 41-44
Status:Published
Keywords:SAR; Glacier Monitoring; Mutual Information
Event Title:ISPRS 2012
Event Location:Melbourne, Australia
Event Type:international Conference
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R - no assignement
DLR - Research theme (Project):R -- no assignement
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > SAR Signal Processing
Deposited By: Cristian Rossi
Deposited On:01 Aug 2012 09:14
Last Modified:03 Apr 2013 15:19

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