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Examining nocturnal railway noise and aircraft noise in the field: Sleep, psychomotor performance, and annoyance

Elmenhorst, E.-M. und Pennig, S. und Rolny, V. und Quehl, J. und Müller, U. und Maass, H. und Basner, M. (2012) Examining nocturnal railway noise and aircraft noise in the field: Sleep, psychomotor performance, and annoyance. Science of the Total Environment (424), Seiten 48-56. ISSN 0048-9697.

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Kurzfassung

Background: Traffic noise is interfering during day- and nighttime causing distress and adverse physiological reactions in large parts of the population. Railway noise proved less annoying than aircraft noise in surveys which were the bases for a so called 5 dB railway bonus regarding noise protection in many European countries. Objectives: The present field study investigated railway noise-induced awakenings during sleep, nighttime annoyance and the impact on performance the following day. Comparing these results with those from a field study on aircraft noise allowed for a ranking of traffic modes concerning physiological and psychological reactions. Methods: 33 participants (mean age 36.2 years±10.3 (SD); 22 females) living alongside railway tracks around Cologne/Bonn (Germany) were polysomnographically investigated. These data were pooled with data from a field study on aircraft noise (61 subjects) directly comparing the effects of railway and aircraft noise in one random subject effects logistic regression model. Annoyance was rated in the morning evaluating the previous night. Results: Probability of sleep stage changes to wake/S1 from railway noise increased significantly from 6.5% at 35 dB(A) to 20.5% at 80 dB(A) LAFmax. Rise time of noise events had a significant impact on awakening probability. Nocturnal railway noise led to significantly higher awakening probabilities than aircraft noise, partly explained by the different rise times, whereas the order was inversed for annoyance. Freight train noise compared to passenger train noise proved to have the most impact on awakening probability. Nocturnal railway noise had no effect on psychomotor vigilance. Conclusions: Nocturnal freight train noise exposure in Germany was associated with increased awakening probabilities exceeding those for aircraft noise and contrasting the findings of many annoyance surveys and annoyance ratings of our study. During nighttime a bonus for railway noise seems not appropriate

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Examining nocturnal railway noise and aircraft noise in the field: Sleep, psychomotor performance, and annoyance
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Elmenhorst, E.-M.eva-maria.elmenhorst@dlr.de
Pennig, S.sibylle.pennig@dlr.de
Rolny, V.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Quehl, J.julia.quehl@dlr.de
Müller, U.uwe.mueller@dlr.de
Maass, H.hartmut.maass@dlr.de
Basner, M.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:2012
Erschienen in:Science of the Total Environment
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Seitenbereich:Seiten 48-56
ISSN:0048-9697
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Railway noise, Aircraft noise, Awakening reaction, Sleep, PVT, Annoyance
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Verkehr
HGF - Programmthema:keine Zuordnung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Verkehr
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:V - keine Zuordnung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):V - keine Zuordnung
Standort: Köln-Porz
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Luft- und Raumfahrtmedizin > Flugphysiologie
Hinterlegt von: Alina Sender
Hinterlegt am:10 Aug 2012 09:31
Letzte Änderung:21 Mai 2015 13:05

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