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Cost analysis of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles including Maintenance & Repair Costs and Resale Values

Propfe, Bernd and Redelbach, Martin and Santini, Danilo J. and Friedrich, Horst (2012) Cost analysis of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles including Maintenance & Repair Costs and Resale Values. EVS26 International Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium, 6.-9. Mai 2012, Los Angeles, Kalifornien, USA.

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Abstract

This paper analyses the cost competitiveness of different electrified propulsion technologies for the German auto market in 2020. Several types of hybrid electric vehicles including parallel hybrids (with and without external charging) and a serial range extended electric vehicle are compared to a conventional car with SI engine, a full battery electric vehicle and a hydrogen powered fuel cell vehicle. Special focus lies on the maintenance and repair cost and the expected resale value of alternative vehicles, which have been integrated within one extensive total cost of ownership model. The assessment shows that the current TCO gaps for alternative drivetrains will decrease significantly by 2020 mainly driven by the reduction in production cost. Furthermore hybrid electric vehicles will profit from lower maintenance and repair cost and a higher expected resale value compared to conventional cars. Therefore, hybrid electric vehicles will be an attractive option in particular for users with high annual mileages, who can benefit from the low operating cost of EVs in combination with unlimited driving range. The analysis concludes that there will not be one dominant powertrain design in the midterm future. Hence, automakers have to manage a wide portfolio of competing drivetrain architectures, which will increase the risk and complexity of strategic decisions.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper, Poster)
Title:Cost analysis of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles including Maintenance & Repair Costs and Resale Values
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Propfe, Berndbernd.propfe@dlr.de
Redelbach, Martinmartin.redelbach@dlr.de
Santini, Danilo J.dsantini@anl.gov
Friedrich, Horsthorst.friedrich@dlr.de
Date:8 May 2012
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:total cost of ownership, electric vehicle, maintenance, resale value
Event Title:EVS26 International Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium
Event Location:Los Angeles, Kalifornien, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:6.-9. Mai 2012
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Verkehrsentwicklung und Umwelt (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Vehicle Concepts > Technology Assessment
Deposited By: Bernd Propfe
Deposited On:06 Jun 2012 09:26
Last Modified:25 Jan 2013 13:08

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