Peinecke, Niklas and Knabl, Patrizia M. and Schmerwitz, Sven and Döhler, Hans-Ullrich (2012) Developing an Obstacle Display for Helicopter Brownout Situations. Proceedings of the SPIE, Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) Systems and Applications IX, 8360. SPIE Press.
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Project ALLFlight is DLR's initiative to diminish the problem of piloting helicopters in degraded visual conditions. The problem arises whenever dust or snow is stirred up during landing (brownout/whiteout), effectively blocking the crew's vision of the landing site. A possible solution comprises the use of sensors that are able to look through the dust cloud. As part of the project display symbologies are being developed to enable the pilot to make use of the rather abstract and noisy sensor data. In a first stage sensor data from very different sensors is fused. This step contains a classification of points into ground points and obstacle points. In a second step the result is augmented with ground data bases and depicted in a synthetic head-down display. Regarding the design, several variations in symbology are considered, including variations in color coding, continuous or non-continuous terrain displays and different obstacle representations. In this paper we present the basic techniques used for obstacle and ground separation. We choose a set of possibilities for the pilot display and detail the implementation. Furthermore, we present a pilot study, including human factors assessment with focus on usability and pilot acceptance.
|Title:||Developing an Obstacle Display for Helicopter Brownout Situations|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Proceedings of the SPIE, Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) Systems and Applications IX|
|In Open Access:||No|
|In ISI Web of Science:||No|
|Keywords:||brownout landing, situational awareness, obstacle symbology, sensor fusion, ground segmentation, obstacle segmentation|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport|
|HGF - Program:||Aeronautics|
|HGF - Program Themes:||Rotorcraft|
|DLR - Research area:||Aeronautics|
|DLR - Program:||L RR - Rotorcraft Research|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||L - The Smart Rotorcraft|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Flight Control > Pilot Assistance|
|Deposited By:||Dr.rer.nat. Niklas Peinecke|
|Deposited On:||05 Apr 2012 16:21|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2012 08:02|
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