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A Proposal for Multi-Constellation Advanced RAIM for Vertical Guidance

Blanch, Juan A. und Walter, Todd F. und Enge, Per K. und Wallner, Stefan und Amarillo Fernandez, Francisco und Dellago, Riccardo und Ioannides, Rigas und Pervan, Boris und Fernandez Hernandez, Ignacio und Belabbas, Boubeker und Spletter, Alexandru und Rippl, Markus (2011) A Proposal for Multi-Constellation Advanced RAIM for Vertical Guidance. ION GNSS Proceedings.

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The GNSS environment will experience major changes in the coming years. GPS and GLONASS are undergoing modernization phases, while Galileo and Compass are currently in their deployment phase. When all these constellations are in their Full Operational Capability (FOC) state, there will be at least three times as many ranging sources than today. In addition, all of these GNSS core constellations will broadcast signals in the two frequency bands, L1/E1 and L5/E5. These signals will be available for civil aviation, allowing users to cancel the pseudorange errors due to the ionosphere. Many studies suggest that it could be possible to achieve global coverage of vertical guidance using multi-constellation, dual frequency Advanced Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (ARAIM). The benefits of ARAIM would include a reduced ground infrastructure (which would reduce the maintenance costs compared to current augmentation systems), a reduced dependency on any one GNSS core constellation, and, in general, lessen exposure to single points of failure. However, to achieve vertical guidance using ARAIM, it will not be sufficient to adapt the RAIM algorithms that are used for horizontal navigation. This is due to the increased level of safety required for vertical guidance compared to horizontal guidance. Therefore, ARAIM will require a careful faults and effects analysis. Because the integrity provision will be shared across service providers, it will be necessary to develop a common understanding in at least three domains: the navigation requirements, starting with LPV- 200; the airborne algorithm; and the threat model, comprised of both the nominal performance of the constellations and the fault modes. In this paper, we present a concept for the provision of integrity using multiple constellations with ARAIM and an Integrity Support Message (ISM). We will first propose an interpretation of the LPV-200 requirements in the ARAIM context. We will then propose a typical threat model for GNSS which includes both the nominal performance of the constellations and all the faults that need to be mitigated. These threats include both single satellite faults, multiple satellite faults, and constellation wide faults, one of them being the use or broadcast of erroneous Earth Orientation Parameters. We will show how the threats can be mitigated through the use of ground monitoring and the ISM in addition to the ARAIM subset position and residual test. Finally, we will give examples of multiple constellation configurations and performance providing worldwide coverage of LPV-200.

Titel:A Proposal for Multi-Constellation Advanced RAIM for Vertical Guidance
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-AdresseAutoren-ORCID
Blanch, Juan A.Stanford University, USANICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Walter, Todd F.Stanford University, USANICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Enge, Per K.Stanford University, USANICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Wallner, StefanEuropean Space Agency, The NetherlandsNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Amarillo Fernandez, FranciscoEuropean Space Agency, The NetherlandsNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Dellago, RiccardoEuropean Space Agency, The NetherlandsNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Ioannides, RigasEuropean Space Agency, The NetherlandsNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Pervan, BorisIllinois Institute of Technology, USANICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Fernandez Hernandez, IgnacioEuropean Commission, BelgiumNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Belabbas, BoubekerGerman Aerospace Center, GermanyNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Spletter, AlexandruGerman Aerospace Center, GermanyNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Rippl, MarkusGerman Aerospace Center, GermanyNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:September 2011
In Open Access:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Name der Reihe:ION GNSS Proceedings
Stichwörter:satellite navigation integrity, GNSS integrity monitoring, ARAIM, Fault Detection, FDE, Protection Level, Integrity Threat Model
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Energie, Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr, Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Rationelle Energieumwandlung (alt), Verkehr, Luftfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:E VG - Verbrennungs- und Gasturbinentechnik (alt), Bodengebundener Verkehr, ATM und Flugbetrieb (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Energie, Verkehr, Luftfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:E VG - Verbrennungs- und Gasturbinentechnik, V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge, L AO - Luftverkehrsmanagement und Flugbetrieb
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):E - Zuverlässigkeit (alt), V - Fahrerassistenz (alt), L - Kommunikation, Navigation und Überwachung (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Kommunikation und Navigation
Institut für Kommunikation und Navigation > Navigation
Hinterlegt von: Spletter, Dr. Alexandru
Hinterlegt am:15 Feb 2012 09:51
Letzte Änderung:15 Feb 2012 09:51

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