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Tropical upwelling and sea surface temperatures

Deckert, Rudolf und Garny , Hella und Dameris, Martin und Runde, Theresa und Matthes, Sigrun (2011) Tropical upwelling and sea surface temperatures. IUGG Genral Assembly, 04. Jul. 2011, Melbourne, Australia.

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Kurzfassung

Current measurements signify a cooling of the tropical lower stratosphere (TLS) and most chemistry-climate models (CCMs) demonstrate a link to an intensifying tropical upwelling, caused by the anthropogenic increase in well-mixed greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations. In particular, the associated rise in tropical sea surface temperatures (SSTs) appears to stimulate the dissipation of resolved waves in the TLS, and hence the local upwelling. Yet, the relevant studies are ambiguous about the mechanisms behind the dissipation enhancement. We present findings from our studies with the CCMs E39C and E39C-A. For E39C, we compare two transient scenarios that share the same boundary conditions, but differ via prescribed SSTs and GHG concentrations. In the summer hemisphere tropics, the higher SSTs amplify the deep-convective excitation of quasi-stationary waves. These waves propagate upward, intensifying the wave dissipation in the TLS. Our findings for E39C-A are based both on a multi-decadal transient simulation and on a set of sensitivity simulations in time slice mode. The former includes a steady increase in GHG concentrations and SSTs. The latter serve to isolate the sensitivity to differences in SSTs and GHG concentrations. Again, the dissipation of resolved waves intensifies in the TLS mainly in response to higher tropical SSTs. The intensification, however, occurs year-round and is associated with quasi-stationary and transient waves which propagate into the TLS more efficiently due to altered zonal winds. Resolving the discrepancy is an important task and, given the entanglement of zonal winds and waves, should not only involve CCMs, but also simpler mechanistic models.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Vortrag)
Titel:Tropical upwelling and sea surface temperatures
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Deckert, Rudolfrudolf.deckert@dlr.de
Garny , Hellahella.garny@dlr.de
Dameris, Martinmartin.dameris@dlr.de
Runde, Theresatheresa.runde@dlr.de
Matthes, Sigrunsigrun.matthes@dlr.de
Datum:2011
Herausgeber:
HerausgeberInstitution und/oder E-Mail-Adresse der Herausgeber
Manzini, ElisaNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:tropics upwelling stratosphere ocean temperature
Veranstaltungstitel:IUGG Genral Assembly
Veranstaltungsort:Melbourne, Australia
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum:04. Jul. 2011
Veranstalter :IUGG/IAMAS
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Verkehr
HGF - Programmthema:Verkehrssystem
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Verkehr
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):V - VEU (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Dynamik der Atmosphäre
Hinterlegt von: Dr. Rudolf Deckert
Hinterlegt am:09 Feb 2012 17:26
Letzte Änderung:09 Feb 2012 17:26

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