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TerraSAR-X basierte Pre- und Post- Desaster Analyse zur Abschätzung vulkanbedingter Landbedeckungsveränderungen Fallbeispiel: Merapi 2010

Kalia, Andre Cahyadi (2011) TerraSAR-X basierte Pre- und Post- Desaster Analyse zur Abschätzung vulkanbedingter Landbedeckungsveränderungen Fallbeispiel: Merapi 2010. Diploma, Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen.

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Official URL: http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2011/8266/pdf/Kalia_Andre_2011.pdf

Abstract

This work demonstrates how Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) image analysis can successfully be used for supporting disaster and crisis-management concerning volcanic eruptions. In October/November 2010 the strato-volcano Mt. Merapi erupted leading to about 300 deaths and more than 380 000 refugees. Satellite imagery can be a very useful source to derive rapid crisis information for post-disaster relief efforts. Modern, space borne radar sensors like TerraSAR-X can deliver very high resolution remote sensing data, at almost any weather condition, with a fast site access time. Little work has been done in detection of pyroclastic flow deposits by using very high resolution SAR. To increase the knowledge in that issue this work has been realized. The TerraSAR-X images used in this work were acquired on 26 October 2010 and 6 November 2010 in StripMap Mode with a ground resolution of three meters. Change detection analysis is performed for supporting semi-automated image classification. This is done by using multitemporal color-composites, normalized change and interferometric coherence indices. Subsequently, the disaster extent is mapped by an object-based image analysis, using the software eCognition. Based on the disaster extent map, a damage assessment is performed by an intersection operation which employs governmental land-use maps. Finally, the SAR-based image analysis results are validated with optical imagery. A WorldView image, acquired on 11 November 2010, is used for this reason. The validation shows a close agreement between the SAR and the optical-based disaster extent, concerning the inner part of the pyroclastic flow deposit. The outer part with burnt leaves but still existing tree trunks was well detected by the optical sensor, but poorly with the SAR sensor. In summary, the presented methods make it possible to rapidly map the disaster extent and to perform a damage assessment in order to assist disaster and crisis-management concerning volcanic eruptions.

Document Type:Thesis (Diploma)
Title:TerraSAR-X basierte Pre- und Post- Desaster Analyse zur Abschätzung vulkanbedingter Landbedeckungsveränderungen Fallbeispiel: Merapi 2010
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Kalia, Andre CahyadiJustus-Liebig-Universität Giessen, Institut für Geographie
Date:April 2011
Number of Pages:110
Status:Published
Keywords:Merapi, Vulkanausbruch, TerraSAR-X, Landbedeckungsveränderungen
Institution:Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen
Department:Institut für Geographie
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Zivile Kriseninformation und Georisiken
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Civil Crisis Information and Geo Risks
Deposited By: Hendrik Zwenzner
Deposited On:22 Feb 2012 12:37
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 21:36

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