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Tsunami Disaster Mitigation by Integrating Comprehensive Countermeasures in Padang City, Indonesia

Imamura, Fumihiko und Muhari, Abdul und Mas, Erick und Pradono, Mulyo Haris und Wegscheider, Stephanie und Post, Joachim und Sugimoto, Megumi (2011) Tsunami Disaster Mitigation by Integrating Comprehensive Countermeasures in Padang City, Indonesia. Journal of Disaster Research, 7 (1), Seiten 48-64.

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Kurzfassung

This paper describes the results of a comprehensive analysis for tsunami disaster mitigation in Padang City, Indonesia. Assessment consists of several steps, starting from the construction of tsunami hazard maps based on the most probable earthquake scenario in the future. Results are then analyzed to determine the impact on residential population along potential evacuation routes. Next, from the standpoint of hazards, we move to the analysis of human‟s vulnerability during evacuation. The term “vulnerability” is associated with available evacuation time. Here, we conducted a static evacuation model using the GIS platform and a dynamic approach using multiagent paradigm. Results of evacuation modeling suggest that some residents may not have enough time to leave the tsunami inundation area before the first wave comes. We therefore propose using relatively high buildings as vertical evacuation sites. One of potential candidates that survived from a devastated earthquake with 7.6 Mw in 2009 is selected to be further analyzed its antiseismic deficiencies based on design ground motion obtained from micro-tremor analysis and synthesized recorded wave in Padang. As a result, even though the building underwent some damage, the frame structure was able to withstand the shaking and keep the building from collapsing.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Tsunami Disaster Mitigation by Integrating Comprehensive Countermeasures in Padang City, Indonesia
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Imamura, FumihikoDisaster Control Research Center, TOHOKU University, Sendai, Japan
Muhari, AbdulDisaster Control Research Center, TOHOKU University, Sendai, Japan
Mas, ErickDisaster Control Research Center, TOHOKU University, Sendai, Japan
Pradono, Mulyo HarisThe Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology, Jl. MH, Thamrin 8, Jakarta 10340, Indonesia
Wegscheider, Stephaniestephanie.wegscheider@dlr.de
Post, JoachimJoachim.Post@dlr.de
Sugimoto, MegumiEarthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, Japan
Datum:16 Dezember 2011
Erschienen in:Journal of Disaster Research
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Band:7
Seitenbereich:Seiten 48-64
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Tsunami hazard, tsunami casualty, evacuation model, and ground motions.
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Raumfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Raumfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):R - Vorhaben Zivile Kriseninformation und Georisiken
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Deutsches Fernerkundungsdatenzentrum > Zivile Kriseninformation und Georisiken
Hinterlegt von: Dr.rer.nat. Joachim Post
Hinterlegt am:31 Jan 2012 15:48
Letzte Änderung:19 Apr 2013 09:30

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