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Design Considerations for Optical Inter - HAP Links

David, Florian and Giggenbach, Dirk and Henniger, Hennes and Horwath, Joachim and Landrock, Rainer and Perlot, Nicolas (2004) Design Considerations for Optical Inter - HAP Links. In: Proceedings ICSSC 2004. 22nd AIAA International Communications Satellite Systems Conference & Exhibit 2004 (ICSSC), Monterey, CA, May 9-12, 2004, Monterey, CA.

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Abstract

A perspective for future high data-rate communication systems are quasi-geostationary high altitude platform (HAP) systems, where communications platforms are placed in the stratosphere at altitudes between 20 and 30 km and are kept stationary. Situated over congested urban areas they will be capable of handling high data rate traffic like a geostationary satellite. Due to the specific altitudes of these platforms, communications cross links between either two platforms are not as severely affected by Earth´s atmosphere, as near-ground links are. Hence this scenario is very well-suited for optical inter-platform communications. Nevertheless such optical links suffer from various atmospheric influences that we will discuss here. In particular this paper addresses intensity fluctuations due to atmospheric turbulence, atmospheric attenuation due to absorption and scattering, and background radiation. Platform vibrations and according mispointing and –tracking losses are regarded as well. It turns out that possible links distances are very much limited by vibrations, scintillations and background light. The terminal design is generally a trade-off between those effects. From an extensive investigation of all influence factors, hints for the design of optical cross links in HAP systems will be given in terms of suitable transmitter divergence angles and receiver field of view. Link budget calculations clearly prove the feasibility of optical cross links. However, they as well show the limitations to optical communications in this particular application.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2004, monograph_id=AIAA-2004-3144,
Title:Design Considerations for Optical Inter - HAP Links
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
David, FlorianUNSPECIFIED
Giggenbach, DirkUNSPECIFIED
Henniger, HennesUNSPECIFIED
Horwath, JoachimUNSPECIFIED
Landrock, RainerUNSPECIFIED
Perlot, NicolasUNSPECIFIED
Date:2004
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings ICSSC 2004
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Optical Link, HAP, KNOCGOP
Event Title:22nd AIAA International Communications Satellite Systems Conference & Exhibit 2004 (ICSSC), Monterey, CA, May 9-12, 2004
Event Location:Monterey, CA
Event Type:international Conference
Organizer:American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W KN - Kommunikation/Navigation
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W KN - Kommunikation/Navigation
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Multimedia Satellitennetze (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Digital Networks
Deposited By: Dr.-Ing. Florian David
Deposited On:10 Aug 2006
Last Modified:06 Jan 2010 21:31

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