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Collision Avoidance Operations for LEO Satellites Controlled by GSOC

Aida, Saika and Kirschner, Michael and Wermuth, Martin and Kiehling, Reinhard (2011) Collision Avoidance Operations for LEO Satellites Controlled by GSOC. In: Space Operations Exploration, Scientific Utilization, and Technology Development

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Abstract

The ever increasing population of objects in the near Earth environment has created growing concerns among satellite owners and control centers about the safety of their missions. The GSOC (German Space Operations Center) is currently building up an operational proximity monitoring and mitigation concept. Contrary to locally operated satellites, high accurate orbital parameters are not available for the bulk of other space objects. Currently, the TLE (Two-Line Elements) catalogue maintained by the USSTRATCOM (US Strategic Command) constitutes the only publicly available and reasonably comprehensive orbit information. Despite evident deficiencies in the quality and timeliness of this information, it is currently a mandatory element for any operational proximity monitoring. The careful assessment of the TLE accuracy is therefore required to reveal the inherent modeling accuracy of the SGP4 analytical orbit model, as well as the orbit determination and orbit prediction accuracy for TLEs provided by USSTRATCOM. Even after a realistic error analysis, the exclusive use of TLE data is insufficient for a proper planning and implementation of collision avoidance maneuvers. The orbit information of a possible jeopardizing object has to be refined in due time before a predicted proximity, if a predefined threshold of collision probability or safety distance is violated. To this end, the use of radar tracking is foreseen. The orbit refinement using radar tracking is necessary for a consolidated decision and implementation of an evasive maneuver. Following a presentation of GSOC collision avoidance procedure for LEO (Low Earth Orbit) satellites, the paper will discuss the orbit accuracy as well as the improvement of the TLE orbit information by a radar tracking campaign. The orbit accuracy analysis is done by comparing corresponding orbit data with accurate orbit information from locally controlled space missions. The application to the collision risk monitoring system at GSOC is discussed hereafter, followed by the presentation of the monitoring system and the handling of close approaches.

Document Type:Book Section
Title:Collision Avoidance Operations for LEO Satellites Controlled by GSOC
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Aida, Saikasaika.aida@dlr.de
Kirschner, Michaelmichael.kirschner@dlr.de
Wermuth, Martinmartin.wermuth@dlr.de
Kiehling, Reinhardreinhard.kiehling@dlr.de
Date:2011
Journal or Publication Title:Space Operations Exploration, Scientific Utilization, and Technology Development
Refereed publication:Yes
Status:Published
Keywords:Collision avoidance, TLE, Space debris
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport, Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space, Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:other, W - no assignement
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt, Space
DLR - Program:R - no assignement, W - no assignement
DLR - Research theme (Project):R -- no assignement, W -- no assignement (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Space Operations and Astronaut Training
Deposited By: Saika Aida
Deposited On:24 Jan 2012 11:22
Last Modified:09 Jan 2014 09:34

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