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Collision Avoidance Operations for LEO Satellites Controlled by GSOC

Aida, Saika und Kirschner, Michael und Wermuth, Martin und Kiehling, Reinhard (2011) Collision Avoidance Operations for LEO Satellites Controlled by GSOC. In: Space Operations Exploration, Scientific Utilization, and Technology Development

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Kurzfassung

The ever increasing population of objects in the near Earth environment has created growing concerns among satellite owners and control centers about the safety of their missions. The GSOC (German Space Operations Center) is currently building up an operational proximity monitoring and mitigation concept. Contrary to locally operated satellites, high accurate orbital parameters are not available for the bulk of other space objects. Currently, the TLE (Two-Line Elements) catalogue maintained by the USSTRATCOM (US Strategic Command) constitutes the only publicly available and reasonably comprehensive orbit information. Despite evident deficiencies in the quality and timeliness of this information, it is currently a mandatory element for any operational proximity monitoring. The careful assessment of the TLE accuracy is therefore required to reveal the inherent modeling accuracy of the SGP4 analytical orbit model, as well as the orbit determination and orbit prediction accuracy for TLEs provided by USSTRATCOM. Even after a realistic error analysis, the exclusive use of TLE data is insufficient for a proper planning and implementation of collision avoidance maneuvers. The orbit information of a possible jeopardizing object has to be refined in due time before a predicted proximity, if a predefined threshold of collision probability or safety distance is violated. To this end, the use of radar tracking is foreseen. The orbit refinement using radar tracking is necessary for a consolidated decision and implementation of an evasive maneuver. Following a presentation of GSOC collision avoidance procedure for LEO (Low Earth Orbit) satellites, the paper will discuss the orbit accuracy as well as the improvement of the TLE orbit information by a radar tracking campaign. The orbit accuracy analysis is done by comparing corresponding orbit data with accurate orbit information from locally controlled space missions. The application to the collision risk monitoring system at GSOC is discussed hereafter, followed by the presentation of the monitoring system and the handling of close approaches.

Dokumentart:Beitrag in einem Lehr- oder Fachbuch
Titel:Collision Avoidance Operations for LEO Satellites Controlled by GSOC
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Aida, Saikasaika.aida@dlr.de
Kirschner, Michaelmichael.kirschner@dlr.de
Wermuth, Martinmartin.wermuth@dlr.de
Kiehling, Reinhardreinhard.kiehling@dlr.de
Datum:2011
Erschienen in:Space Operations Exploration, Scientific Utilization, and Technology Development
Referierte Publikation:Ja
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Collision avoidance, TLE, Space debris
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr, Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Raumfahrt, Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:keine Zuordnung, W - keine Zuordnung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Raumfahrt, Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:R - keine Zuordnung, W - keine Zuordnung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):R -- keine Zuordnung, W -- keine Zuordnung (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Raumflugbetrieb und Astronautentraining
Hinterlegt von: Saika Aida
Hinterlegt am:24 Jan 2012 11:22
Letzte Änderung:09 Jan 2014 09:34

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