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Integrated SubmmWave Receiver: Development and Applications

Koshelets, Valery P. und Birk, Manfred und Boersma, Dick und Dercksen, Johannes und Dmitriev, Pavel und Ermakov, Andrey B. und Filippenko, Lyudmila V. und Golstein, Hans und Hoogeveen, Ruud W.M. und de Jong, Leo und Khudchenko, Andrey V. und Kinev, Nickolay V. und Kiselev, Oleg S. und Kudryashov, Pavel V. und van Kuik, Bart und de Lange, Arno und de Lange, Gert und Lapitsky, Irina L. und Pripolzin, Sergey I. und van Rantwijk, Joris und Selig, Avri M. und Sobolev, Alexander S. und Torgashin, Mikhail Yu und Vaks, Vladimir L. und de Vries, Ed und Wagner, Georg und Yagoubov, Pavel (2011) Integrated SubmmWave Receiver: Development and Applications. In: Fundamentals of Superconducting Nano Electronics Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Seiten 263-296.

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Kurzfassung

A superconducting integrated receiver (SIR) comprises in a single chip a planar antenna combined with a superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) mixer, a superconducting Flux Flow Oscillator (FFO) acting as a Local Oscillator (LO) and a second SIS harmonic mixer (HM) for the FFO phase locking. In this report, an overview of the SIR and FFO developments and optimizations is presented. Improving on the fully Nb-based SIR we have developed and studied Nb–AlN–NbN circuits, which exhibit an extended operation frequency range. Continuous tuning of the phase locked frequency has been experimentally demonstrated at any frequency in the range 350–750GHz. The FFO free-running linewidth has been measured between 1 and 5MHz, which allows to phase lock up to 97% of the emitted FFO power. The output power of the FFO is sufficient to pump the matched SIS mixer. Therefore, it is concluded that the Nb–AlN–NbN FFOs are mature enough for practical applications. These achievements enabled the development of a 480–650GHz integrated receiver for the atmospheric-research instrument TErahertz and submillimeter LImb Sounder (TELIS). This balloon-borne instrument is a three-channel superconducting heterodyne spectrometer for the detection of spectral emission lines of stratospheric trace gases that have their rotational transitions at THz frequencies. One of the channels is based on the SIR technology. We demonstrate for the first time the capabilities of the SIR technology for heterodyne spectroscopy in general, and atmospheric limb sounding in particular. We also show that the application of SIR technology is not limited to laboratory environments, but that it is well suited for remote operation under harsh environmental conditions. Light weight and low power consumption combined with broadband operation and nearly quantum limited sensitivity make the SIR a perfect candidate for future airborne and space-borne missions. The noise temperature of the SIR was measured to be as low as 120K in double sideband operation, with an intermediate frequency band of 4–8GHz. The spectral resolution is well below 1MHz, confirmed by our measurements. Remote control of the SIR under flight conditions has been demonstrated in a successful balloon flight in Kiruna, Sweden. Capability of the SIR for high-resolution spectroscopy has been successfully proven also in a laboratory environment by gas cell measurements. The possibility to use SIR devices for the medical analysis of exhaled air will be discussed. Many medically relevant gases have spectral lines in the sub-terahertz range and can be detected by an SIR-based spectrometer. The SIR can be considered as an operational device, ready for many applications.

Dokumentart:Beitrag in einem Lehr- oder Fachbuch
Titel:Integrated SubmmWave Receiver: Development and Applications
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Koshelets, Valery P.Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science
Birk, Manfredmanfred.birk@dlr.de
Boersma, DickSRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
Dercksen, JohannesSRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
Dmitriev, PavelKotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science
Ermakov, Andrey B.Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science
Filippenko, Lyudmila V.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
Golstein, HansSRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
Hoogeveen, Ruud W.M.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
de Jong, LeoSRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
Khudchenko, Andrey V.Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science
Kinev, Nickolay V.Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science
Kiselev, Oleg S.Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science
Kudryashov, Pavel V.Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science
van Kuik, BartSRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
de Lange, ArnoSRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
de Lange, GertSRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
Lapitsky, Irina L.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
Pripolzin, Sergey I.Institute for Physics of Microstructure, Russian Academy of Science
van Rantwijk, JorisSRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
Selig, Avri M.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
Sobolev, Alexander S.Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science
Torgashin, Mikhail YuKotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science
Vaks, Vladimir L.Institute for Physics of Microstructure, Russian Academy of Science
de Vries, EdSRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
Wagner, Georggeorg.wagner@dlr.de
Yagoubov, PavelSRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
Datum:2011
Erschienen in:Fundamentals of Superconducting Nano Electronics
Seitenbereich:Seiten 263-296
Herausgeber:
HerausgeberInstitution und/oder E-Mail-Adresse der Herausgeber
Sidorenko, AnatolieNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Verlag:Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:superconducting integrated receiver, SIS mixer, flux flow oscillator, TELIS, balloon-borne, remote sensing
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Projekt TELIS (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Methodik der Fernerkundung > Experimentelle Verfahren
Hinterlegt von: Dr.rer.nat. Georg Wagner
Hinterlegt am:24 Jan 2012 11:52
Letzte Änderung:08 Feb 2013 10:16

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