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Balloon-Borne Superconducting Integrated Receiver for Atmospheric Research

Kiselev, Oleg and Birk, Manfred and Ermakov, Andrey and Filippenko, Lyudmila and Golstein, Hans and Hoogeveen, Ruud and Kinev, Nickolay and van Kuik, Bart and de Lange, Arno and de Lange, Gert and Yagoubov, Pavel and Koshelets, Valery (2011) Balloon-Borne Superconducting Integrated Receiver for Atmospheric Research. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 21 (3), pp. 612-615. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. DOI: 10.1109/TASC.2010.2091712.

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Abstract

A Superconducting Integrated Receiver (SIR) was proposed more than 10 years ago and has since then been developed up to the point of practical applications.We have demonstrated for the first time the capabilities of the SIR technology for heterodyne spectroscopy both in the laboratory and at remote operation under harsh environmental conditions for atmospheric research. Within a SIR the main components needed for a superconducting heterodyne receiver such as an SIS-mixer with quasi-optical antenna, a Flux-Flow oscillator (FFO) as the local oscillator, and a harmonic mixer to phase-lock the FFO are integrated on a single chip. Light weight and low power consumption combined with broadband operation and nearly quantum limited sensitivity make the SIR a perfect candidate for future airborne and space-borne missions. The noise temperature of the SIR was measured to be as low as 85 K, with an intermediate frequency band of 4–8 GHz in double sideband operation; the spectral resolution is well below 1 MHz. The SIR was implemented in the three-channel balloon-borne instrument TELIS (TErahertz and submillimeter LImb Sounder) that detects spectral emission lines of stratospheric trace gases (like ClO and BrO). These gases even in small quantities can have a significant impact on the atmosphere because they speed up certain chemical processes, such as ozone depletion.

Document Type:Article
Title:Balloon-Borne Superconducting Integrated Receiver for Atmospheric Research
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Kiselev, OlegKotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics RAS
Birk, Manfredmanfred.birk@dlr.de
Ermakov, AndreyKotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics RAS
Filippenko, LyudmilaKotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics RAS
Golstein, HansSRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV Groningen,
Hoogeveen, RuudSRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV Groningen,
Kinev, NickolayKotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics RAS
van Kuik, BartSRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV Groningen,
de Lange, ArnoSRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV Groningen,
de Lange, GertSRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 9700 AV Groningen,
Yagoubov, PavelEuropean Organization for Astronomical Research
Koshelets, ValeryKotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics RAS
Date:20 December 2011
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:21
DOI:10.1109/TASC.2010.2091712
Page Range:pp. 612-615
Publisher:Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Status:Published
Keywords:Data acquisition, Josephson junctions, phase locked oscillators, submillimeter wave receivers, superconducting devices, superconducting integrated circuits.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Projekt TELIS (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Experimental Methods
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Georg Wagner
Deposited On:24 Jan 2012 11:53
Last Modified:04 Apr 2013 16:35

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