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Ship Surveillance With TerraSAR-X

Brusch, Stephan and Lehner, Susanne and Fritz, Thomas and Soccorsi, Matteo and Soloviev, Alexander and van Schie, Bart (2011) Ship Surveillance With TerraSAR-X. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 49 (3), pp. 1092-1103. IEEE Geoscience And Remote Sensing Society. DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2011.2117471 . ISSN 0196-2892 .

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Official URL: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp

Abstract

Ship detection is an important application of global monitoring of environment and security. In order to overcome the limitations by other systems, surveillance with satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) is used because of its possibility to provide ship detection at high resolution over wide swaths and in all weather conditions. A new X-band radar onboard the TerraSAR-X (TS-X) satellite gives access to spatial resolution as fine as 1 m. In this paper, first results on the combined use of TS-X ship detection, automatic identification system (AIS), and satellite AIS (SatAIS) is presented. The AIS system is an effective terrestrial method for tracking vessels in real time typically up to 40 km off the coast. SatAIS, as a space-based system, allows almost global coverage for monitoring of ships since not all ships operate their AIS and smaller ships are not equipped with AIS. The system is considered to be of cooperative nature. In this paper, the quality of TS-X images with respect to ship detection is evaluated, and a first assessment of its performance for ship detection is given. The velocity of a moving ship is estimated using complex TS-X data. As test cases, images were acquired over the North Sea, Baltic Sea, Atlantic Ocean, and Pacific Ocean in Stripmap mode with a resolution of 3 m at a coverage of 30 km 100 km. Simultaneous information on ship positions was available from TS-X and terrestrial as well as SatAIS. First results on the simultaneous superposition of SatAIS and high-resolution radar images are presented.

Document Type:Article
Title:Ship Surveillance With TerraSAR-X
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Brusch, StephanUNSPECIFIED
Lehner, SusanneUNSPECIFIED
Fritz, ThomasUNSPECIFIED
Soccorsi, MatteoUNSPECIFIED
Soloviev, AlexanderUNSPECIFIED
van Schie, BartUNSPECIFIED
Date:March 2011
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:49
DOI:10.1109/TGRS.2011.2117471
Page Range:pp. 1092-1103
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Ruf, ChristopherUni of Michigan
Publisher:IEEE Geoscience And Remote Sensing Society
Series Name:IEEE Transactions on Geoscience And Remote Sensing
ISSN: 0196-2892
Status:Published
Keywords:Radar detection , sea state , ship detection , synthetic aperture radar , wind
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Entwicklung und Erprobung von Verfahren zur Gewässerfernerkundung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Marine Remote Sensing
Deposited By: Bärbel Bolowski
Deposited On:19 Jan 2012 10:52
Last Modified:07 Feb 2013 20:23

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