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Neighbourhood deprivation and outlet density for tobacco, alcohol and fast food: First hints to obesogenic and addictive environments in Germany

Schneider, Sven and Gruber, Johannes (2012) Neighbourhood deprivation and outlet density for tobacco, alcohol and fast food: First hints to obesogenic and addictive environments in Germany. Public Health Nutrition. Cambridge Journals. DOI: [10.1017/S1368980012003321]. ISSN 1368-9800.

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Official URL: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8634266&fulltextType=RA&fileId=S1368980012003321

Abstract

Objective: The current discussion regarding “place effects on health” is increasingly focusing on the characteristics of a specific physical environment. Our study investigated whether socially deprived residential areas are more likely than affluent neighborhoods to provide access to addictive substances and fast food. Design: In this ecological study, the total number of tobacco, alcohol and fast food outlets was recorded and visualized using a Geographic Information System. Setting: 18 Social areas in Cologne, Germany. Subjects: A total of 18 social areas in 4 districts of Cologne, Germany, including 92,000 inhabitants, were analyzed. Results: In the investigation area 339 tobacco, 353 alcohol and 67 fast food outlets were identified. The higher the deprivation indicators in a district, the higher the availability of cigarettes (Kendall’s tau =0.433; p=0.012), alcohol (Kendall’s tau =0.341, p=0.049) and fast food (Kendall’s tau =0.473; p=0.009). Conclusions: The availability of addictive substances and fast food can be seen as having a contextual influence on the individual’s lifestyle and can, as a physical exposition in form of obesogenic and addictive environments, contribute to a culmination of health risks.

Document Type:Article
Title:Neighbourhood deprivation and outlet density for tobacco, alcohol and fast food: First hints to obesogenic and addictive environments in Germany
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Schneider, SvenMannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine
Gruber, Johannesjohannes.gruber@dlr.de
Date:10 July 2012
Journal or Publication Title:Public Health Nutrition
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI:[10.1017/S1368980012003321]
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Yngve, AgnetaOslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Norway
Publisher:Cambridge Journals
ISSN:1368-9800
Status:Published
Keywords:alcohol consumption, tobacco; fast foods; environmental impact; ecological and environmental phenomena
HGF - Research field:other
HGF - Program:other
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:no assignement
DLR - Program:no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):other
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research
Deposited By: Dipl.-Geogr. Johannes Gruber
Deposited On:19 Jan 2012 08:50
Last Modified:17 Jun 2013 09:52

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