Neighbourhood deprivation and outlet density for tobacco, alcohol and fast food: First hints to obesogenic and addictive environments in Germany
Schneider, Sven and Gruber, Johannes (2012) Neighbourhood deprivation and outlet density for tobacco, alcohol and fast food: First hints to obesogenic and addictive environments in Germany. Public Health Nutrition. Cambridge Journals. DOI: [10.1017/S1368980012003321]. ISSN 1368-9800.
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Objective: The current discussion regarding “place effects on health” is increasingly focusing on the characteristics of a specific physical environment. Our study investigated whether socially deprived residential areas are more likely than affluent neighborhoods to provide access to addictive substances and fast food. Design: In this ecological study, the total number of tobacco, alcohol and fast food outlets was recorded and visualized using a Geographic Information System. Setting: 18 Social areas in Cologne, Germany. Subjects: A total of 18 social areas in 4 districts of Cologne, Germany, including 92,000 inhabitants, were analyzed. Results: In the investigation area 339 tobacco, 353 alcohol and 67 fast food outlets were identified. The higher the deprivation indicators in a district, the higher the availability of cigarettes (Kendall’s tau =0.433; p=0.012), alcohol (Kendall’s tau =0.341, p=0.049) and fast food (Kendall’s tau =0.473; p=0.009). Conclusions: The availability of addictive substances and fast food can be seen as having a contextual influence on the individual’s lifestyle and can, as a physical exposition in form of obesogenic and addictive environments, contribute to a culmination of health risks.
|Title:||Neighbourhood deprivation and outlet density for tobacco, alcohol and fast food: First hints to obesogenic and addictive environments in Germany|
|Date:||10 July 2012|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Public Health Nutrition|
|In ISI Web of Science:||Yes|
|Keywords:||alcohol consumption, tobacco; fast foods; environmental impact; ecological and environmental phenomena|
|HGF - Research field:||no assignement|
|HGF - Program:||no assignment|
|HGF - Program Themes:||no assignment|
|DLR - Research area:||no assignement|
|DLR - Program:||no assignment|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||other|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Transport Research|
|Deposited By:||Dipl.-Geogr. Johannes Gruber|
|Deposited On:||19 Jan 2012 08:50|
|Last Modified:||04 Apr 2013 16:35|
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