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What happens after the implementation of electronic locking devices for adolescents at cigarette vending machines? A natural longitudinal experiment from 2005 to 2009 in Germany

Schneider, Sven und Gruber, Johannes und Yamamoto, Shelby und Weidmann, Christian (2011) What happens after the implementation of electronic locking devices for adolescents at cigarette vending machines? A natural longitudinal experiment from 2005 to 2009 in Germany. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 13 (8), Seiten 732-740. Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntr067. ISSN 1462-2203.

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Offizielle URL: http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/13/8/732.full

Kurzfassung

Introduction: As of January 01, 2007, electronic locking devices based on proof of age (electronic cash cards or European driving licenses) were installed on 500,000 cigarette vending machines across Germany to restrict the purchase of cigarettes to those over the age of 16 years. In 2009, the age limit was raised to 18 years. The aim of this study was to compare the number of cigarette vending machines and other commercial sources before and after the enactment of the new law and to examine the association between commercial cigarette sources and area socioeconomic status (SES). Methods: We recorded and mapped using Geographical Information System software the total number of commercial cigarette sources in 4 selected districts in the major German city of Cologne. The city was the ideal setting for this study as we were able to use existing sociogeographical data from this area. We compiled a complete inventory of commercial cigarette sources in autumn 2005 and 2009. An interim inventory was also completed in 2007. Results: Between 2005 and 2009, the total number of cigarette sources decreased from 369 to 325 within the study area. Although the most obvious reduction was detected in the number of outdoor vending machines (−44%), the number of indoor vending machines also decreased by 5%. In 2005 as well as in 2009, we found significantly fewer commercial cigarette sources in districts with above-average SES than in districts with below-average SES. Conclusions: Although the number of overall cigarette vending machines decreased, the disparity in distribution of cigarette sources between socially advantaged and disadvantaged areas increased.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:What happens after the implementation of electronic locking devices for adolescents at cigarette vending machines? A natural longitudinal experiment from 2005 to 2009 in Germany
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Schneider, SvenMannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine
Gruber, Johannesjohannes.gruber@dlr.de
Yamamoto, ShelbyMannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine
Weidmann, ChristianMannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine
Datum:August 2011
Erschienen in:Nicotine & Tobacco Research
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:13
DOI :10.1093/ntr/ntr067
Seitenbereich:Seiten 732-740
Herausgeber:
HerausgeberInstitution und/oder E-Mail-Adresse der Herausgeber
Balfour, David J. K.University of Dundee Medical School, Scotland
Verlag:Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
ISSN:1462-2203
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Health geography, contextual factor, social status, neighborhood, GIS, tobacco control, longitudinal research
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Verkehr
HGF - Programmthema:Verkehrssystem
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Verkehr
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):V - Verkehrsentwicklung und Umwelt (alt)
Standort: Berlin-Adlershof
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Verkehrsforschung
Hinterlegt von: Dipl.-Geogr. Johannes Gruber
Hinterlegt am:19 Jan 2012 09:03
Letzte Änderung:17 Jun 2013 09:43

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