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Photogrammetric Processing of Rover Images by example of NASAs MER Mission Data

Peters, O. and Scholten, F. and Oberst, J. (2011) Photogrammetric Processing of Rover Images by example of NASAs MER Mission Data. ISPRS Workshop on Geospatial Data Infrastructure: from Data Acquisition and Updating to Smarter Services, 20.-21. Okt. 2011, Guilin, China.

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We have developed a photogrammetric processing scheme for planetary rover image data which involves several main steps: dense image matching, improvement of orientation, and 3d-reconstruction. The first step uses DLR matching software which originally was built for matching orbital imagery [1]. The main problem with close range imagery is the wide range of disparities caused by the varying distances to the surface in the foreground and in the background. If not specifically dealt with, this problem typically requires large search areas for tie points and results in large numbers of mismatches. The workflow we adapted uses image pyramids where the matching starts at the top level where the image resolutions are sufficiently coarse to obtain reliable disparities for the entire image. At lower pyramidal levels the image matching is performed only for sub-images. Since for these sub-images the variation in disparities is predictable over a small range, the search range for the disparities can be reduced. In order to further reduce the number of mismatches, the matching is repeated with interchanged images. The next step uses bundle adjustment in order to improve the exterior orientation [2]. A subset of corresponding points from the prior image matching step serve as tie points. Again, the varying distances to the surface affects the precision and even the numerical stability of the adjustment. During the adjustment, bad points are identified by using the Baarda method [3], and thus exluded from further analysis [2]. The final step uses the improved orientation and image points from the matching for a 3d-reconstruction which finally results in the desired description of topography. We present results for the described photogrammetric processing by example of NASAs Mars Exploration Rover (MER) mission [ 4, 5, 6, 7]. Also, we present results from a field trial carried out within PRoVisG [8], a project supported the European Union FP7 program. [1] Wewel, “Determination of Conjugate Points of Stereoscopic Three Line Scanner Data of Mars96 Mission”, 1996, IAPRS, Vienna, Vol. XXXI, Com. III [2] Zhang, Giese, Oberst, Jaumann, “Methods of the Bundle Block Adjustment of Planetary Image Data”, 1996, ISPRS, Commission III, Vienna [3] Baarda, “A testing procedure for use in geodetic networks”, 1968, Publications on Geodesy, New Series, Vol. 2(5), Delft [4] Maki et al, “Mars Exploration Rover Engineering Cameras”, 2003, JGR [5] Doug Alexander, “Mars Exploration Rover Project Software Interface Specification (SIS)”, 2009 v4.1 [6] Di, Li, „CAHVOR camera model and its photogrammetric conversion for planetary applications“, 2004, JGR [7] Yakimovsky, Cunningham, “A System for Extracting Three-Dimensional Measurements from a Stereo Pair of TV Cameras”, 1978 [8] www.provisg.eu

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Photogrammetric Processing of Rover Images by example of NASAs MER Mission Data
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Peters, O.olaf.peters@dlr.de
Scholten, F.frank.scholten@dlr.de
Oberst, J.juergen.oberst@dlr.de
Date:21 October 2011
Keywords:Planetary image data, close range imagery, matching, orientation, bundle block adjustment, Three-dimensional reconstruction
Event Title:ISPRS Workshop on Geospatial Data Infrastructure: from Data Acquisition and Updating to Smarter Services
Event Location:Guilin, China
Event Type:Workshop
Event Dates:20.-21. Okt. 2011
Organizer:Organized by ISPRS Working Groups WG IV/1, IV/2, IV/4, IV/5, IV/7, ICWG IV/VIII and hosted by National Geomatics Center of China
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Exploration des Sonnensystems
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geodesy
Deposited By: Olaf Peters
Deposited On:16 Dec 2011 16:27
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 21:30

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