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Effects of Ionizing Radiation on Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Multipotent Mesenchymal Stromal Cells

Bemmerl, Daniel (2011) Effects of Ionizing Radiation on Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Multipotent Mesenchymal Stromal Cells. Bachelorarbeit, University of Applied Science Bonn-Rhein-Sieg.

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Kurzfassung

During space flight, astronauts are way more exposed to cosmic and solar radiation in comparison to earth conditions. Specifically with respect to interplanetary travel, the protection of the earth’s magnetic field would be almost lost completely and the hulls of spacecraft would not prevent significant amounts of incoming radiation from penetrating. As astronauts lose bone mass and strength during their mission due to microgravity and the resulting lack of exercise, it is especially important for the bones to be able to regenerate these losses. In this study it was evaluated if increased radiation has an influence on osteoblast commitment capabilities of bone maintaining stem cells. To do so, human multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells were isolated out of lipoaspirate, induced towards the osteogenic lineage and exposed to X-rays of 2 Gy and 4 Gy. It was found that X-rays at this dose do not act as an unspecific trigger for osteogenic differentiation. A quantitative analysis of calcium depositions during osteogenesis showed that early disturbance of the differentiation process by X-rays caused a delay or even an impairment of osteoblast commitment in vitro. On the other hand, no significant differences in osteoblast commitment during four weeks of differentiation were found when the cells were exposed after week two of induction. This suggests an effect of ionizing radiation only in early osteogenesis.

Dokumentart:Hochschulschrift (Bachelorarbeit)
Titel:Effects of Ionizing Radiation on Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Multipotent Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Bemmerl, Daniel Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Radiation Biology, Germany
Datum:2011
Seitenanzahl:59
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Ionizing Radiation, space flight, astronauts, bone loss, bone maintaining stem cells, human multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells, X-rays
Institution:University of Applied Science Bonn-Rhein-Sieg
Abteilung:Department of Natural Sciences
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Raumfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Raumfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Standort: Köln-Porz
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Luft- und Raumfahrtmedizin > Strahlenbiologie
Hinterlegt von: Kerstin Kopp
Hinterlegt am:15 Dez 2011 14:20
Letzte Änderung:15 Dez 2011 14:20

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