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OSS (Outer Solar System): A fundamental and planetary physics mission to Neptune, Triton and the Kuiper Belt

Christophe, Bruno and Spilker, L. J. and Anderson, J.D. and André, N. and Aurnou, Jonathan and Banfield, D. and Barucci, A. and Bertolami, O. and Bingham, R. and Brown, P. and Cecconi, Baptiste and Courty, J.-M. and Dittus, H. and Fletcher, Leigh N. and Foulon, B. and Francisco, Frederico and Gil, Paulo J.S. and Glassmeier, K.H. and Grundy, Will and Hansen, Candice and Helbert, J. and Helled, Ravit and Hussmann, H. and Lamine, B. and Lämmerzahl, C. and Lamy, P.L. and Lenoir, Benjamin and Levy, Agnés and Orton, G. and Páramos, Jorge and Poncy, Joel and Postberg, F. and Progrebenko, Sergei V. and Reh, K. and Reynaud, S. and Robert, Clélia and Samain, E. and Saur, J. and Sayanagi, Kunio M. and Schmitz, N. and Selig, Hanns and Sohl, F. and Spilker, T. and Srama, R. and Stephan, K. and Touboul, P. and Wolf, P. (2012) OSS (Outer Solar System): A fundamental and planetary physics mission to Neptune, Triton and the Kuiper Belt. Experimental Astronomy, 34 (2), pp. 203-242. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s10686-012-9309-y.

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The present OSS mission continues a long and bright tradition by associating the communities of fundamental physics and planetary sciences in a single mission with ambitious goals in both domains. OSS is an M-class mission to explore the Neptune system almost half a century after flyby of the Voyager 2 spacecraft. Several discoveries were made by Voyager 2, including the Great Dark Spot (which has now disappeared) and Triton's geysers. Voyager 2 revealed the dynamics of Neptune's atmosphere and found four rings and evidence of ring arcs above Neptune. Benefiting from a greatly improved instrumentation, it will result in a striking advance in the study of the farthest planet of the Solar System. Furthermore, OSS will provide a unique opportunity to visit a selected Kuiper Belt object subsequent to the passage of the Neptunian system. It will consolidate the hypothesis of the origin of Triton as a KBO captured by Neptune, and improve our knowledge on the formation of the Solar system. The probe will embark instruments allowing precise tracking of the probe during cruise. It allows to perform the best controlled experiment for testing, in deep space, the General Relativity, on which is based all the models of Solar system formation. OSS is proposed as an international cooperation between ESA and NASA, giving the capability for ESA to launch an M-class mission towards the farthest planet of the Solar system, and to a Kuiper Belt object. The proposed mission profile would allow to deliver a 500 kg class spacecraft. The design of the probe is mainly constrained by the deep space gravity test in order to minimise the perturbation of the accelerometer measurement.

Document Type:Article
Title:OSS (Outer Solar System): A fundamental and planetary physics mission to Neptune, Triton and the Kuiper Belt
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Christophe, BrunoONERA, Chatillon
Spilker, L. J.JPL/NASA, Pasadena, CA, USA
Anderson, J.D.Global Aerospace, Los Angeles CA
André, N.European Space Agency, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands
Aurnou, Jonathanjona@ess.ucla.edu
Banfield, D.Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Barucci, A.LESIA Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, France
Bertolami, O.Inst. Sup. Técnico, Lisbon
Bingham, R.Rutherford Appleton Lab., Didcot
Brown, P.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada
Cecconi, BaptisteObservatoire de Paris LESIA 5 Place Jules Janssen FR 92195 Meudon France
Courty, J.-M.Lab. Kastler Brossel, CNRS, Paris
Dittus, H.Inst. of Space Systems, DLR, Bremen
Fletcher, Leigh N.University of Oxford, Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics
Foulon, B.ONERA, Chatillon
Francisco, FredericoInstituto Superior Técnico, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa
Gil, Paulo J.S.Inst. Sup. Técnico, Lisbon
Glassmeier, K.H.Institut für Geophysik und Meteorologie, TU Braunschweig, Germany
Grundy, WillLowell Observatory, 1400 West Mars Hill Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86001
Hansen, CandicePSI
Helbert, J.Joern.Helbert@dlr.de
Helled, RavitDept. of Earth and Space Sciences, 595 Charles Young Drive East,Box 951567,Los Angeles, CA
Hussmann, H.hauke.hussmann@dlr.de
Lamine, B.Lab. Kastler Brossel, Paris
Lämmerzahl, C.ZARM, Univ. Bremen
Lamy, P.L.LAM, Marseille
Lenoir, BenjaminDépartement de Mesures Physiques (DMPH)
Levy, AgnésONERA/DMPH, 29 av. Division Leclerc, F-92322 Chatillon, France
Orton, G.JPL, Caltech, Pasadena, USA
Páramos, JorgeInstituto Superior Técnico, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Lissabon
Poncy, JoelThales Alenia Space, Cannes, France
Postberg, F.Max Planck Institute Nuclear Physics, Heidelberg, Germany
Progrebenko, Sergei V.Jet Propulsion Laboratory [NASA] (JPL)
Reh, K.JPL, Caltech, Pasadena, USA
Reynaud, S.Lab. Kastler Brossel, CNRS, Paris
Robert, Clélia Département d'Optique Théorique et Appliquée (DOTA)
Samain, E.CERGA, Obs. de la Côte Azur, Grasse
Saur, J.University of Cologne
Sayanagi, Kunio M. Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institute of Planetary Research
Schmitz, N.Nicole.Schmitz@dlr.de
Selig, HannsUniversity of Bremen
Sohl, F.frank.sohl@dlr.de
Spilker, T.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of TechnologyJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Instit
Srama, R.Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Heidelberg
Stephan, K. katrin.stephan@dlr.de
Touboul, P.ONERA, Chatillon
Wolf, P.ARC, Aachen
Journal or Publication Title:Experimental Astronomy
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 203-242
Keywords:General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics, Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Exploration des Sonnensystems (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof , Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems
Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Susanne Pieth
Deposited On:19 Sep 2012 07:45
Last Modified:07 Feb 2013 20:11

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