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Operation of Marine Diesel Engines on Biogenic Fuels: Modification of Emissions and Resulting Climate Effects

Petzold, A. und Lauer, P. und Fritsche, U. und Hasselbach, J. und Lichtenstern, M. und Schlager, H. und Fleischer, F. (2011) Operation of Marine Diesel Engines on Biogenic Fuels: Modification of Emissions and Resulting Climate Effects. Environmental Science & Technology, 45, Seiten 10394-10400. DOI: 10.1021/es2021439.

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Offizielle URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22044020

Kurzfassung

The modification of emissions of climate-sensitive exhaust compounds such as CO2, NOx, hydrocarbons, and particulate matter from medium-speed marine diesel engines was studied for a set of fossil and biogenic fuels. Applied fossil fuels were the reference heavy fuel oil (HFO) and the low-sulfur marine gas oil (MGO); biogenic fuels were palm oil, soybean oil, sunflower oil, and animal fat. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions related to the production of biogenic fuels were treated by means of a fuel life cycle analysis which included land use changes associated with the growth of energy plants. Emissions of CO2 and NOx per kWh were found to be similar for fossil fuels and biogenic fuels. PM mass emission was reduced to 1015% of HFO emissions for all low-sulfur fuels including MGO as a fossil fuel. Black carbon emissions were reduced significantly to 1330% of HFO. Changes in emissions were predominantly related to particulate sulfate, while differences between low-sulfur fossil fuels and low-sulfur biogenic fuels were of minor significance. GHG emissions from the biogenic fuel life cycle (FLC) depend crucially on energy plant production conditions and have the potential of shifting the overall GHG budget from positive to negative compared to fossil fuels.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Operation of Marine Diesel Engines on Biogenic Fuels: Modification of Emissions and Resulting Climate Effects
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Petzold, A.DLR
Lauer, P.MAN Diesel & Turbo SE, Augsburg
Fritsche, U.Öko-Instit., Darmstadt
Hasselbach, J.DLR
Lichtenstern, M.DLR
Schlager, H.DLR
Fleischer, F.MAN Diesel & Turbo SE, Augsburg
Datum:2011
Erschienen in:Environmental Science & Technology
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:45
DOI :10.1021/es2021439
Seitenbereich:Seiten 10394-10400
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Biofules, climate ipmact, shipping, bioclean
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr, Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Luftfahrt, Verkehr
HGF - Programmthema:ATM und Flugbetrieb, Verkehrssystem
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Luftfahrt, Verkehr
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:L AO - Luftverkehrsmanagement und Flugbetrieb, V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):L - Klima, Wetter und Umwelt, V - Verkehrsentwicklung und Umwelt (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe
Hinterlegt von: Dr.rer.nat. Andreas Petzold
Hinterlegt am:07 Dez 2011 11:47
Letzte Änderung:07 Feb 2013 20:10

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