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Monte Carlo Simulations of MATROSHKA Experiment Outside ISS

Sihver, L. und Puchalska, M. und Sato, T. und Berger, T. und Reitz, G. (2011) Monte Carlo Simulations of MATROSHKA Experiment Outside ISS. IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings (paper #1585, Version 4), Seiten 1-11. IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. DOI: 10.1109/AERO.2011.5747252 ISBN 978-1-4244-7350-2 ISSN 1095-323X

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Concerns about the biological effects of space radiation are increasing rapidly due to the perspective of long-duration manned missions, both in relation to the International Space Station (ISS) and to manned interplanetary missions to Mars in the future. As a preparation for these long duration space missions it is important to ensure an excellent capability to evaluate the impact of space radiation on human health in order to secure the safety of the astronauts/cosmonauts and minimize their risks. It is therefore necessary to measure the radiation load on the personnel both inside and outside the space vehicles and to certify that organ and tissue equivalent doses can be simulated as accurate as possible. In this paper we will present simulations using the three-dimensional Monte Carlo Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS) of long term dose measurements performed with the ESA supported experiment MATROSHKA (MTR), which is an anthropomorphic phantom containing over 6000 radiation detectors, mimicking a human head and torso. The MTR experiment, led by the German Aerospace Center (DLR), was launched in January 2004 and has measured the absorbed dose from space radiation both inside and outside the ISS. In this paper comparisons of measured and calculated dose and organ doses in the MTR located outside the ISS will be presented and uncertainties of the simulations will be discussed. This project was funded by the European Commission in the frame of the FP7 HAMLET project (Project # 218817).

Titel:Monte Carlo Simulations of MATROSHKA Experiment Outside ISS
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-AdresseAutoren-ORCID-iD
Sihver, L. Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden and Roanoke College, Salem, Virginia, USA and Texas A&M University, Texas, USANICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Puchalska, M. Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, SwedenNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Sato, T. JAEA, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki, JapanNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Berger, T. German Aerospace Center, Cologne, GermanyNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Reitz, G. German Aerospace Center, Cologne, GermanyNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Erschienen in:IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
DOI :10.1109/AERO.2011.5747252
Seitenbereich:Seiten 1-11
Verlag:IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Stichwörter:Monte Carlo methods, aerospace biophysics, biological effects of ionising particles, biological organs, biological tissues, dosimetry, health and safety, phantoms
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Raumfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Raumfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Standort: Köln-Porz
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Luft- und Raumfahrtmedizin > Strahlenbiologie
Hinterlegt von: Kopp, Kerstin
Hinterlegt am:04 Nov 2011 11:39
Letzte Änderung:08 Mär 2018 18:21

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