Runkel, Britta and Kappenstein, Jennifer and Ferrauti, Alexander and Müller, Klaus and Zange, Jochen (2011) Changes in phosphocreatin concentration of skeletal muscle during intensive intermitted exercise in children and adults. 16th Annual Congress of the ECSS, 6.-9. Juli 2011, Liverpool, U.K..
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Official URL: http://www.ecss-congress.eu/2011/
Introduction It was shown that children possess a higher resistance to fatigue and a quicker recovery during high-intensive intermittent exercise compared to adults, which is mainly explained by lower blood lactate concentrations and a more stable blood pH (Falk & Dotan, 2006; Ratel et al., 2006). The aim of the present study was to investigate if this can also be explained by the amount and speed of phosphocreatine (PCr) breakdown and resynthesis during and after intensive short-term anaerobic interval work. Methods 16 untrained children (C; 8 girls, 8 boys: 9.2±0.3 yrs; 139±6 cm; 35.8±7.7 kg body mass; 16.6±2.8 kg muscle mass) and 16 untrained adults (A; 8 women, 8 men: 26.1±0.3 yrs, 175±8 cm, 69.1±9.4 kg body mass, 40.1±8.2 kg muscle mass) participated in the study. All subjects completed an intermittent protocol of dynamic plantar flexion followed by 10 min of passive recovery. The protocol consisted of 10 bouts of 30s exercise (24 concentric and eccentric movements) intermitted by 20s recovery. The individual load corresponded to the 28 repetition maximum. We recorded the absolute and relative changes of PCr during exercise and during post exercise recovery by means of non invasive 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy as well as the mean force production. Results The results (mean±SD) were calculated using a multi factor ANOVA (main factors were age, sex and measurement time). No significant differences between the age groups were found for the initial PCr concentrations. Average relative PCr break down during each exercise period was significantly lower (p<0.05) in C (-71.4±5.4%) compared to A (-85.8±4.9%). Time constant to reach 63% of initial PCr during post exercise recovery was significantly shorter in children (C: 47±31s, A: 74±33s, p<0.05). Force production relative to maximum values did not differ significantly between C and A. Discussion The results give further explanations for the intermittent exercise performance of children. Our data suggest that children require more aerobic and less anaerobic pathways for ATP production than adults. The lower PCr-breakdown during exercise and the accelerated PCr-resynthesis during recovery point to a better oxygen transport or utilization in the working muscles. This can possibly be attributed to an improved muscle flow after maximum contraction and a greater oxidative mitochondria capacity related to skeletal muscle mass. Coaches should be encouraged to include more short term intensive intermittent work in children´s work out. References Falk B, Dothan R. (2006). Exerc Sport Sci Rev, 34, 107-12. Ratel S, Duché P, Williams CA. (2006). Sports Med, 36, 1031-1065.
|Document Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)|
|Title:||Changes in phosphocreatin concentration of skeletal muscle during intensive intermitted exercise in children and adults|
|Keywords:||Training and testing, 31P-MR spectroscopy, muscle metabolism, muscle fatigue, children|
|Event Title:||16th Annual Congress of the ECSS|
|Event Location:||Liverpool, U.K.|
|Event Type:||international Conference|
|Event Dates:||6.-9. Juli 2011|
|Organizer:||ECSS: European College of Sport Science|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)|
|HGF - Program:||Space (old)|
|HGF - Program Themes:||W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (old)|
|DLR - Research area:||Space|
|DLR - Program:||W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||W - Vorhaben Beschleunigungsinduzierte Effekte (old)|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Space Physiology|
|Deposited By:||Dr.rer.nat. Jochen Zange|
|Deposited On:||04 Nov 2011 11:47|
|Last Modified:||04 Nov 2011 11:47|
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