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Fundamental investigations of Carbon Nanotubes working as actuators

Geier, Sebastian and Schnoor, Thea and Mahrholz, Thorsten and Riemenschneider, Johannes and Wierach, Peter and Sinapius, Michael and Schulte, Karl (2011) Fundamental investigations of Carbon Nanotubes working as actuators. SPIE Smart Structures/NDE, 07. - 10. April 2011, San Diego, USA.

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Abstract

Excellent properties like low density, high mechanical stiffness as well as an outstanding thermal and electrical conductivity make researchers focusing on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) since years. Beside that it is found that structures made of CNTs can be actuated when they are set up like a capacitor. Usually two dimensional (2D) CNT-papers with ran-domly oriented CNTs, called Bucky-papers, are used. They are charged and divided by an electrically insulating but ionic conductible electrolyte. Experiments demonstrate low volt-ages for actuation ($\pm$1V). Although the mechanism of CNT-actuation is still an open issue theoretical studies suggest a charge and ion induced lengthening of the C-bonds, which predict theoretical strains up to 1$\%$. These characteristics make CNTs a poten-tial candidate for lightweight and powerful actuators of future adaptive aerospace applica-tions. The presented work gives an overview of possible CNT-actuator configurations. Compre-hensive analysis tools for 2D mats of randomly oriented CNTs have been developed to guarantee a consistent data base for the comparison of different CNT-configurations. It is focused on the electro-mechanical properties with respect to the processing and configu-ration of CNT-actuators. For a more efficient use of the mechanical advantages of the CNT-geometry a new align-ing manufacturing approach is presented, to get highly oriented 2D CNT-papers. Their properties are compared with randomly oriented CNT-papers. Finally a new test set-up will be introduced, which enables deflection measurements di-rectly on the top of vertically aligned CNTs (CNT-arrays). The build-up and necessary prework are shown, as well as results of the first experiments. The method of measuring along the axis of aligned CNTs qualifies this set-up to get a deeper understanding about the actuation mechanism of CNTs. Vertically aligned CNTs promise to be a more efficient actuator configuration because of their high stiffness in direction of actuation.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Paper)
Title:Fundamental investigations of Carbon Nanotubes working as actuators
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Geier, SebastianUNSPECIFIED
Schnoor, TheaUNSPECIFIED
Mahrholz, ThorstenUNSPECIFIED
Riemenschneider, JohannesUNSPECIFIED
Wierach, PeterUNSPECIFIED
Sinapius, MichaelUNSPECIFIED
Schulte, KarlUNSPECIFIED
Date:April 2011
Keywords:carbon nanotube, actuator, Bucky-paper, liquid electrolytes, solid electrolytes, actuation mecha-nism;
Event Title:SPIE Smart Structures/NDE
Event Location:San Diego, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:07. - 10. April 2011
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:Aircraft Research
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Structures & Materials
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems > Multifunctional Materials
Deposited By: Isolde Böhringer-Thelen
Deposited On:13 Jul 2011 12:32
Last Modified:13 Jul 2011 12:32

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