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Report of the IAU Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements: 2009

Archinal, B.A. and A'Hearn, M.F. and Bowell, E. and Conrad, A. and Consolmagno, G.J. and Courtin, R. and Fukushima, T. and Hestroffer, D. and Hilton, J.L. and Krasinsky, G.A. and Neumann, G. and Oberst, J. and Seidelmann, P.K. and Stooke, P. and Tohlen, D.J. and Thomas, P.C. and Williams, I.P. (2011) Report of the IAU Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements: 2009. Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy, 109 (2), pp. 101-135. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s10569-010-9320-4. ISSN 0923-2958.

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/g272325h45517581/


Every three years the IAU Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements revises tables giving the directions of the poles of rotation and the prime meridians of the planets, satellites, minor planets, and comets. This report takes into account the IAUWorking Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN) and the IAU Committee on Small Body Nomenclature (CSBN) definition of dwarf planets, introduces improved values for the pole and rotation rate of Mercury, returns the rotation rate of Jupiter to a previous value, introduces improved values for the rotation of five satellites of Saturn, and adds the equatorial radius of the Sun for comparison. It also adds or updates size and shape information for the Earth, Mars’ satellites Deimos and Phobos, the four Galilean satellites of Jupiter, and 22 satellites of Saturn. Pole, rotation, and size information has been added for the asteroids (21) Lutetia, (511) Davida, and (2867) Šteins. Pole and rotation information has been added for (2) Pallas and (21) Lutetia. Pole and rotation and mean radius information has been added for (1) Ceres. Pole information has been updated for (4) Vesta. The high precision realization for the pole and rotation rate of the Moon is updated. Alternative orientation models for Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn are noted. The Working Group also reaffirms that once an observable feature at a defined longitude is chosen, a longitude definition origin should not change except under unusual circumstances. It is also noted that alternative coordinate systems may exist for various (e.g. dynamical) purposes, but specific cartographic coordinate system information continues to be recommended for each body. The Working Group elaborates on its purpose, and also announces its plans to occasionally provide limited updates to its recommendations via its website, in order to address community needs for some updates more often than every 3 years. Brief recommendations are also made to the general planetary community regarding the need for controlled products, and improved or consensus rotation models for Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn.

Document Type:Article
Title:Report of the IAU Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements: 2009
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Archinal, B.A.U.S. Geological Survey
A'Hearn, M.F.University of Maryland
Bowell, E.Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ, USA
Conrad, A.W.M. Keck Observatory, Kamuela, HI, USA
Consolmagno, G.J.Vatican Observatory, Vatican City, Vatican City State
Courtin, R.LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Paris, France
Fukushima, T.National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Tokyo,Japan
Hestroffer, D.IMCCE, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, paris, France
Hilton, J.L.U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington, DC, USA
Krasinsky, G.A.Institute for Applied Astronomy, St. Petersburg, Russia
Neumann, G.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
Oberst, J.juergen.oberst@dlr.de
Seidelmann, P.K.University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
Stooke, P.University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
Tohlen, D.J.University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA
Thomas, P.C.Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Williams, I.P.Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
Journal or Publication Title:Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 101-135
Keywords:Cartographic coordinates, Longitude , Latitude, Rotation axes, Rotation periods, Sizes, Shapes, Planets, Satellites, Dwarf planets, Minor planets, Comets
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Exploration des Sonnensystems (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geodesy
Deposited By: Marita Wählisch
Deposited On:09 Dec 2011 15:18
Last Modified:26 Mar 2013 13:29

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